[Advaita-l] [advaitin] What is Samadhi?

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Sat Feb 3 08:27:48 EST 2024

Thanks Venkat ji, for the clarification.  It appears that the
SiddhikAra/Laghuchandrika  hold the view of the need for the charama
sAkshAtkAra. It is interesting to note that the Panchadashi, at the end of
the second chapter says this:

एषा ब्राह्मी स्थितिः पार्थ नैनां प्राप्य विमुह्यति ।
स्थित्वास्यामन्तकालेऽपि ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृच्छति ॥ ९७॥

सदद्वैतेऽनृतद्वैते यदन्योऽन्यैक्यवीक्षणम् ।
तस्यान्तकालस्तद्भेदबुद्धिरेव न चेतरः ॥ ९८॥

यद्वान्तकालः प्राणस्य वियोगोस्तु प्रसिद्धितः ।
तस्मिन्कालेऽपि न भ्रान्तेर्गतायाः पुनरागमः ॥ ९९॥

नीरोग उपविष्टो वा रुग्णो वा विलुठन्भुवि ।
मूर्च्छितो वा त्यजेदेष प्राणान्भ्रान्तिर्न सर्वथा ॥ १००॥

दिने दिने स्वप्नसुप्त्योरधीते विस्मृतेऽप्ययम् ।
परेद्युर्नानधीतः स्यात्तत्त्वविद्या न नश्यति ॥ १०१॥

प्रमाणोत्पादिता विद्या प्रमाणं प्रबलं विना ।
न नश्यति न वेदान्तात्प्रबलं मानमीक्षते ॥ १०२॥

तस्माद्वेदान्तसंसिद्धं सदद्वैतं न बाध्यते ।
अन्तकालेऽप्यतो भूतविवेकान्निर्वृतिः स्थिता ॥ १०३॥

इति भूतविवेकनाम द्वितीयः परिच्छेदः ॥ २॥

102. When the intellect disregards the notions of duality, it becomes
firmly established in the conception of non-duality. The man who is firmly
rooted in the conviction of non-duality is called a Jivanmukta (liberated
in life).

103. Sri Krishna says in the Gita: 'This is called having one's being in
Brahman, O Partha. None, attaining to this, becomes deluded. Being
established therein, even at the last moment, a man attains to oneness with

104. 'At the last moment' means the moment at which the mutual
identification of the illusory duality and the one secondless reality is
annihilated by differentiating them from each other; nothing else.

105. In common parlance the expression 'at the last moment' may mean 'at
the last moment of life'. Even at that time, the illusion that is gone does
not return.

106. A realised soul is not affected by delusion and it is the same whether
he dies healthy or in illness, sitting in meditation or rolling on the
ground, conscious or unconscious.

107. The knowledge of the Veda acquired (during the waking condition) is
daily forgotten during dream and deep sleep states, but it returns on the
morrow. Similar is the case with the knowledge (of Brahman) - it is never

108. The knowledge of Brahman, based on the evidence of the Vedas, is not
destroyed unless proved invalid by some stronger evidence; but in fact
there is no stronger evidence than the Vedas.

109. Therefore the knowledge of the non-dual Reality (thus) established by
the Vedanta is not falsified even at the last moment (whatever
interpretation be taken). So the discrimination of the elements (from the
non-dual Reality) surely ensures peace abiding or bliss ineffable.

warm regards

On Sat, Feb 3, 2024 at 5:59 PM Venkatraghavan S <agnimile at gmail.com> wrote:

> Namaste Subbuji,
> In my second email to Sadaji sent earlier today, I had shared some
> additional sections from the JMV that address this topic.
> Swami Vidyaranya holds that videhamukti (ie. the cessation of future
> bodies) happens at the time of jnAna itself and refutes the need for a
> charamasAkshAtkAra (ie AV2).
> In his view, the contemporaneity of jnAna with such a videhamukti is what
> was intended by the bhAShyakAra in his brahmasUtrabhAShya.
> Kind regards,
> Venkatraghavan

More information about the Advaita-l mailing list