[Advaita-l] शास्त्रविधानस्य उत्सृजनम् (BG 17.1)

H S Chandramouli hschandramouli at gmail.com
Thu Mar 26 11:35:17 EDT 2020


My response is based on the talks on BG by Swami Shankarananda.


On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 9:02 PM H S Chandramouli <hschandramouli at gmail.com>

> Namaste.
> Three types of human beings are recognized. First are those who are aware
> of the shastras but due to lack of faith in them act according to their own
> sweet will and pleasure. They are termed as ones endowed with AsurI
> tendencies or asurAs. The second category of human beings are those who
> know the shastras and with abundant faith perform actions in accordance
> with the same. They are termed as ones endowed with daIvI (दैवी)
> tendencies or as daIvIs (दैवी). The third category are those who have no
> particular concerns regarding shastras, but have firm faith in their elders
> and accordingly perform acts in accordance with whatever their elders were
> performing irrespective of whether they conformed to shastras or not. The
> traits of both the first two categories are to be found in this third
> category in different degrees.
> The first two categories are covered in Chapter 16 of BG while the third
> category forms the subject matter for Chapter 17.
> Thus there is no contradiction between the verses mentioned in the post as
> they pertain to different categories of human beings.
> Regards
> On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 12:51 PM Venkata sriram P via Advaita-l <
> advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
>> Namaste,
>> यः शास्त्रविधिमुत्सृज्य वर्तते कामकारतः।
>> न स सिद्धिमवाप्नोति न सुखं न परां गतिम्।।16.23।।
>> ये शास्त्रविधिमुत्सृज्य यजन्ते श्रद्धयाऽन्विताः।
>> तेषां निष्ठा तु का कृष्ण सत्त्वमाहो रजस्तमः।।17.1।।
>> With reference to above two shlokas of BG vide 16.23 & 17.1, the
>> former is "शास्त्रं वेदः तस्य विधिं कर्तव्याकर्तव्यज्ञानकारणं
>> विधिप्रतिषेधाख्यम्" ie.,
>> "not following the vidhi & nishedhas as per the scriptures and acts as
>> per the impulsion of his passion" ; whereas, the later one is
>> "शास्त्रविधिम् अपश्यन्तः वृद्धव्यवहारदर्शनादेव श्रद्दधानतया"
>> ie., by ignoring the scriptural injunctions who follow as per their
>> elders.
>> If we go by the former one, one attains happiness neither here nor
>> elsewhere.
>> Hence, Bhagavan Krishna urges to follow the scriptural injunctions.
>> If we go by the later one, here also, scriptural injunctions are not
>> followed
>> but the doer follows his elders and acts as per his sweet will and
>> his faith is called स्वभावजा.
>> When the later is स्वभावजा which is not as per scriptural injunctions
>> 'ये शास्त्रविधिमुत्सृज्य यजन्ते श्रद्धयाऽन्विताः' how come Bhagavan
>> Krishna says
>> "अशास्त्रविहितं घोरं तप्यन्ते ये तपो जनाः" and "अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिर्यज्ञो
>> विधिदृष्टो य इज्यते".
>> Here, अशास्त्रविहितं (न शास्त्रविहितम्) and विधिदृष्टो
>> (शास्त्रचोदनादृष्टो) are used.
>> Are these not self-contradictory & mutually exclusive statements when the
>> shraddha itself is 'svabhAvajA' which is based on not following the
>> scriptures
>> "शास्त्रविधिमुत्सृज्य".
>> Pls throw some light on the above.
>> Regards,
>> sriram
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