[Advaita-l] Who Is the Ultimate GOD in Vedic dharma ?

Sujal Upadhyay sujal.u at gmail.com
Wed Jan 17 13:18:24 EST 2018

Namaste Ryna ji,

Explanation of agni is given in BG 8.24 in Sankara bhAshya.

If you have a grip over shAstra-s and sanskrit, please refer sloka-s BG
8.21 to 28 of both Sankara bhAshya and guDhArtha dIpikA by madhusudana
sarasvatI. Else it may confuse you. I do not dive deep into the depth of
karma kANDa :)

Please visit,

https://www.gitasupersite.iitk.ac.in/ for commentaries

Hindi translation of Sankara bhAshya by gItA press on page 222-225
English translation of guDhArtha dIpikA is done by Swami Gambhirananda of
Sri Ramakrishna mission pages 559 to 568

Good luck with translation of sanskrit works.



On Wed, Jan 17, 2018 at 11:41 PM, Sujal Upadhyay <sujal.u at gmail.com> wrote:

> Pranams Praveen ji,
> uttarAyaNam concept is very old and is mentioned in brief in gItA (BG
> 8.24). As a rule, if I have any doubts in Sankara bhAshya, always refer to
> SrI madhusudana sarasvatI's commentary :)
> Also the explanation of agni is given in  same sloka.
> Please refer sloka-s 8.23-28 or preferably from 8.21 to 28
> The gist of uttrAraNam is that it belongs to the path of light or sun or
> shukla, whereas opposite path is path of smoke or darkness or kRSNa or
> pitr-s (ansestors) - daxNAyaNa. Those who practice karma-kANda selflessly,
> if the die during daxiNAyaNa, even they return back after enjoying fruits
> of karma, while those who die during uttarAyaNa period i.e. six months
> after winter solstice / northern solstice, after 14th-15th January, they do
> not return.
> Here an objection is raised in BG 8.23 that in previous sloka BG 8.16, it
> is said that  ... all the places of enjoyment (bhoga), together with the
> world of brahmA jI are subject to return, then who is it said here that
> those on the northern path or path of light / agni do not return.
> madhusudana sarasvatI replies, that those of are on southern path or lunar
> path will definitely return. However, whose on solar path may return but
> there is a chance that they may not return. Those who are worshippers of
> murti-s or mantra-s (pratika upAsanA e.g. OM, or bIja mantra-s, paurANika
> mantra-s) or those who practice karma kANDa and meditate on 5 fires, etc,
> without being worshippers of saguNa Brahman i.e. those of nirguNa Brahman
> return, but those who meditate on Brahman in the dahara (small space within
> the spiritual heart) get liberated after extinction of enjoyment. Hence
> there is gradual release or kramic mukti.
> OM
> Sujal

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