[Advaita-l] How many margas for mukti

Kripa Shankar kripa.shankar.0294 at gmail.com
Mon Sep 19 01:38:27 CDT 2016

‎Namaste Nithin,

Thanks for sharing the article. All the verses you quoted were great. I understand abheda bhakti as samadhi. To attain samadhi, one needs jnana. So bhakti leads up to jnana. I think you have already mentioned this in your article. 

So in that case, bhakti is not a third path, as in, bhakti without jnana. Jnana is essential f‎or mukti. 


Vyasaya Vishnu roopaya Vyasa roopaya Vishnave
Namo vai Brahma nidhaye Vasishtaya namo namaha‎‎
  Original Message  
From: Nithin Sridhar
Sent: Monday 19 September 2016 7:07 AM
To: Kripa Shankar; A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta
Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] How many margas for mukti

Dear Kripa ji, 

This article, which I had written few years ago may partially address your questions- http://nithinsridhar.blogspot.in/2012/11/the-two-stages-of-devotion.html


On Sun, Sep 18, 2016 at 11:27 PM, Kripa Shankar via Advaita-l <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:


Delighted to be part of the group. I have many doubts regarding Advaita not because I couldn't comprehend the philosophy taught by Adi Shankaracharya but because there are apparent contradictions in the current practice. Because of whatever dosha, there is ignorance in abundance in the form of samshaya. Hence my query. 

I had the fortune of studying the siddhanta in detail from a relatively old book called samyagdarshana (in Kannada lang). In it, there was an introduction by an eminent author Narasimha Sharma. He was a courtesan of the Mysore Maharaja and was associated with Sringeri Mutt. He writes that there are only two margas to mukti, one is jnana and the other is Karma. There is not a third one. Even Krishna says - Lokesmin Dvividha Nishta pura prokta mayanagha, jnana yogena sankhyanam karma yogena yoginam.

But we have a third one which is quite popular these days and supposedly the easiest route! It is called the bhakti marga. Neither Shankara nor any other scriptures mention this. ‎What entails bhakti marga? Is it listening to carnatic (or hindustani) music on YouTube or anything more? What is the means and end goal of this marga? Or is it another departure from the tradition? Is it again, viewed as a Renaissance against the Vedic hierarchy? If it is, do you see it as an assault against the Vedas? Because bhakti marga emphasises more on regional language and Sanskrit is mostly neglected. 


Vyasaya Vishnu roopaya Vyasa roopaya Vishnave
Namo vai Brahma nidhaye Vasishtaya namo namaha
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