[Advaita-l] Ishwara Turiya?
bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com
Mon Mar 12 06:58:12 CDT 2012
The sharp difference that you draw between Nirguna Brahman and Saguna
Brahman is unsubstantiated.
It is indeed explicitly insisted by shankara in sUtra bhAshya. See for
example pUrvapaxi & vedAntin dialogue on para and apara brahman in 4th
adhyAya of sUtra ( I can get you the exact reference tomorrow). Here the
question pUrvapaxi puts is : which is para and which is apara brahman??
shankara (vedAnti) answers, where brahman is taught by means of words like
ashtulaM, anaNu, ashareeraM etc. where shruti negates any specific
features such as nAma & rUpa is para brahman. Where, on the other hand,
that same brahman is taught as qualified by some specific feature for the
purpose of meditation, for example manOmaya, bhArUpa, prANamaya etc. is
the apara brahman or lower brahman. For this pUrva paxi counters, in that
case shruti teaching non-duality will be violated is it not?? for this
shankara's answer would put a full stop on any speculation on saguNatva of
brahman in paramArtha. Here shankara clarifies, No, for this has been
obviated by stating that the form with attributes is due to the
conditioning adjunct of name and form created by 'avidyA'.
Please note, according to advaita, para brahman is jneya brahma and it is
siddhAnta drushti and apra brahman is upAsya brahma meant for advaita
sAdhana in the form of upAsana & dhyAna. That is the reason why one and
same brahman has been explained as both para & apara brahman.
Hari Hari Hari Bol!!!
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