[Advaita-l] Vedasamrakshanam / Qn. on 'Nirukta'

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Sun Jan 2 22:43:43 CST 2011

Dear Sri Anand ji,

Many thanks for the translation and the several other related references.
>From a few quotes I had provided from the BhaShyam of Shankaracharya we can
see how the Nirukta/ManusmRti ideas are reflected there. ..

In Kathopanishad bhashya, 2.1.15 Shankara says:

मातृपितृसहस्रेभ्योऽपि हितैषिणा वेदेनोपदिष्टम् आत्मैकत्वदर्शनं ....

//The vision of the Oneness of the Self has been taught by the Veda that is
a benefactor more than even a thousand mothers and fathers..//  Shankara
accords to the Veda itself that great status.

Warm regards,

On Sun, Jan 2, 2011 at 9:55 PM, Anand Hudli <ahudli at gmail.com> wrote:

> >I am looking for a good translation of the following verse from the
> Nirukta:
> >य आतृणत्त्यवितथेन कर्णावदुःखं कुर्वन्नमृतं संप्रयच्छन् |
> >तं मन्येत पितरं मातरं च तस्मै न द्रुह्येत कतमच्चनाह || (Nirukta 2.1.4)
> Dear Subrahmanian-ji,
> One translation is:
> One should regard him as a father and mother, and should never offend him
> who pierces ears with truth, without causing pain, and bestowing nectar
> (amR^ita).
> The vR^itti on the Nirukta by durgAcharya quotes here a reference from the
> Manu Smriti (2.146):
> utpaadakabrahmadaatrorgariiyaan.h brahmadaH pitaa |
> brahmajanma hi viprasya pretya chaiha cha shaashvatam.h ||
> Between the natural father who (is responsible for) the birth and one who
> gives (the knowledge of) the Veda, the latter is greater, because birth for
> the Veda yields eternal (rewards) in this life and after death.
> Regarding Nirukta 2.1.4, the Manu Smriti contains a similar sounding shloka
> (2-144):
> ya aavR^iNotyavitathaM brahmaNaa shravaNaavubhau |
> sa maataa sa pitaa GYeyastaM na druhyet.h kadaa chana ||
> One who fills both the ears with the Veda (avitathaM) truthfully (i.e.
> teaches the Veda truthfully) should be considered as the mother and father;
> he must never be offended.
> Similar verses are found in vAsiShTha dharma sUtra, the ViShNu dharma
> sUtra,
> and the Apastamba dharma sUtra.
> All the four verses of the Nirukta 2.4 are found in the Samhitopanishad as
> per the footnote.
> Regards,
> Anand
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