[Advaita-l] Disccussion on Free-will
sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com
Wed May 20 19:36:43 CDT 2009
I think a slight rewording will help. Everything is predestined not necessarily at birth. Yes the place and the country of birth and the parents could be said to be predestind by one's Karma of past life, assuming that the parents were compelled to stay in a particular place at the time of one's birth. However the choice of partner in marriage is not necessarily absolutely decided by the Karma of one's Past life. It could be decided by the combined effect of the Karma of the Past life and the Karma of this life prior to the event of marriage. In that sense everything is decided by past Karma. So one can have the free wiil to exercise prior to one's marriage though there can be pressure on one to marry a particular person due to one's Karma of the past life. In the 18th chapter of the Bhagavad Gita we see that Lord Krishna gave the freedom to Arjuna to decide his action though it was certain that the Kauravas would not live for ever even if
Arjuna did not fight. The Lord was telling Arjuna that according to the Dharma Arjuna should fight and it was upto Arjuna to decide the course of his own action.
Sunil K. Bhattacharjya
--- On Wed, 5/20/09, Mahesh Ursekar <mahesh.ursekar at gmail.com> wrote:
From: Mahesh Ursekar <mahesh.ursekar at gmail.com>
Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] Disccussion on Free-will
To: "A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta" <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org>
Date: Wednesday, May 20, 2009, 7:31 AM
I would like to draw your attention to the following article attributed to
Sri Ramana Maharshi.
In particular, see the following snippet:
*Question*: I can understand that the outstanding events in a man’s life,
such as his country, nationality, family, career or profession, marriage,
death, etc., are all predestined by his Karma, but can it be that all the
details of his life, down to the minutest, have already been determined?
Now, for instance, I put this fan that is in my hand down on the floor here.
Can it be that it was already decided that on such and such a day, at such
and such an hour, I should move the fan like this and put it down here?
*Sri Ramana Maharshi*: Certainly. Whatever this body is to do and whatever
experiences it is to pass through was already decided when it came into
As per my reading, it advocates determinism making free will an illusion.
On Wed, May 20, 2009 at 4:37 PM, kuntimaddi sadananda <
kuntimaddisada at yahoo.com> wrote:
> PraNAms to all
> Interestingly this topic keeps coming back again and again and appearing in
> the both the lists at this time.
> I am not going to discuss this issue - other than restate a statement I
> have made before: Free will is there until I am free from will.
> Here is a beautiful sloka from Bhagavaan Ramana in Sat DarShaNam in the
> text we are taking in the coming Memorial Day weekend camp, related to this
> topic, and it may be of interest to some. He says, as always in his
> characteristic style of brevity:
> vidheH prayatnasya ca ko2pivaadaH
> tayor dvayor muulamajaanataam syaat|
> vidheH prayatnasya ca muulavastu
> sanjaanataam naiva vidhirna yatnaH|| - sloka 21
> Vidhi stands for fate and prayatna stands for freewill. He says the debate
> of fate and freewill is a universal and unending debate. Some say it is fate
> and some say it is freewill that controls. Efforts determine our fate and
> fate determines your freewill. What I have is fate and what I do with what I
> have is free will. I have at anytime these two things simultaneously since I
> have no choice but to choose - kartum shakyam akarturm shakyam, anyathaa
> kartum shakyam - to do, not to do or to do another way - these choice-less
> choices is there because of the present situation to deal with due my fate.
> At any time I am faced with these two. Now which comes first - is it fate or
> free will. That question is invalid because the ignorance is anaadi -
> beginning less. The birth, sustenance and death are cyclic and no beginning
> and no end until I get out of this punarapi jananam punarapi maranam cycle.
> How do I get out of it?
> Bhagavaan Ramana says -this discussion is there only because one does not
> understand - tayor dvayoH muulam - here moolam is the adhiShTaanam or the
> substantive of both the freewill and the fate - both arise with the notion
> of ahankaara - the notion that I am an individual separate from the jagat
> the universe and hence separate from Iswara, the creator of this universe.
> Hence Bhagavaan recommends not to indulge in this useless discussion of is
> it freewill or fate which is final, what is final is the substantive of both
> - the very existence-consciousness that I am - where both jiiva, jagat and
> Iswara resolve into one and where both freewill and fate get transcended.
> Hence he says, vidheH prayatnasya ca muulavastu samjaanataam - for those
> who know the substantive of both the fate and free will - the very
> existence-consciousness because of which both seems to exist and because of
> which one is aware of both, that muula vastu or that absolute reality - one
> who knows that for him naiva vidhiH na yatnaH - there is no freewill or
> A beautiful teaching indeed. My prostrations to that sage of Arunaachala.
> Hari Om!
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