[Advaita-l] Dvaita and Advaita

Jaldhar H. Vyas jaldhar at braincells.com
Mon Sep 8 23:52:15 CDT 2003

On Mon, 8 Sep 2003, Manikantan S wrote:

> NamasKaram,
> I have recently joined this group and i have a
> question to ask. i do not know if it is valid to ask
> this question, but i felt i want to.

Any question sincerely asked is a valid one!  (well relating to the
subject at hand that is.  We can't guarantee answers on income tax etc. :-)

However you should check the archives first to see if the question hasn't
already been discussed previously.  It would save everyone a lot of time.

> (Please forgive me if anything said here is wrong)
> All of us in this group discuss about Advaita, which
> according to Acharya is "Tat Tvam Asi". i feel that
> "Tat" here refers to (my)Atman.So according to Acharya
> , "this Atman" is nothing but "that Brahman" .
> But then we also have another school of thought which
> is Dvaita , which according to my knowledge, says that
> the "Atman" and "Brahman" are  2 different entities.
> i also heard  that it was the Acharya(ShankaraCharya),
> who gave Diksha to RamanujaCharya, who later came up
> with Dvaita.

No this is wrong.  All three were generations apart from each other.
And Ramanuja was an exponent of vishistadvaita not Dvaita (which was

> And i feel both Acharya(ShankaraCharya) and
> RamujaCharya were GREAT Scholars but still there is
> absoulte contradiction in their Ideas ( thoughts) .

Yes they certainly disagree on many important issues.  However they do
agree on some issues too.

> How can we know who is correct? Is it somehow possible that Both are
> correct. or is it that ONE and ONLY ONE of these two contradicting
> things can be TRUE.

Well why not do some research and find out?

http://www.ramanuja.org/ - Vishishtadvaita Home Page
http://www.dvaita.org/   - Dvaita Home Page

They each also have a mailing list with searchable archives like this one.
You can compare and contrast their philosophies to see where and why they
differ with Advaita and where and why they agree.

I am a big proponent of followers of all the sampradayas learning about
each other.  From an Advaita point of view anything that decreases
ignorance has merit and should be encouraged.

Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>
It's a girl! See the pictures - http://www.braincells.com/shailaja/

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