Vaidya N. Sundaram sundaram at ECN.PURDUE.EDU
Sun Jul 5 16:51:24 CDT 1998

 ato vichaaraH kartavyo jiGYaasoraatmavastunaH ..
 samaasaadya dayaasindhuM guruM brahmaviduttamam.h

 Therefore ernest inquiry has to be done by him who wishes to know the
nature of th Atman approaching in due form the guru who is eminent among
those who know Brahman and who is an ocean of compassion.

 jiGYaasoh means by one who wishes to know corectly and completely the
nature of the Atman. Inquire into the nature of the aatman has to be made
as such inquiry gives absolute conviction about what will remove all the
evil effects of ajn~ana.
 The guru is called a dayaasindhu, ocean of compassion; because by eason
of himself having achieved his objective (of Brahmavidyaa), he has nothing
to gain. Yet, like an ocean filled with water, he is filled with
compassion that others should not be subject to the pains of samsaara. He
is a reservoir of compassion.
 Ajn~ana is compared to darkness because even as physical darknes covering
the world is an obstacle to its clear perception, so too the ajn~ana
covers the aatman and prevents clear understanding of its nature.  Hence
the words tamas etc. used synonymously with ajn~ana, in tamo hyaasiit,
tamasaa gUlhamagra: 'verily darkness was', 'at first it was concealed in
 Where these two qualities exist in a person (i.e., being a brahmavit and
a dayaasindhu), he is called brahmaviduttama. Such persons have realised
Brahman; hence they are called brahmaviduh. The best among them is uttama,
i.e., one who is sthitaprajN~a, the man of steadfast wisdom.
 samaasaadya gurum: samaasaadana means duly approaching him as prescribed:
having shown reverence to him with devotion, humility and single minded
service; and also, by repeated questioning and service to the Guru, It is
to be known.
 The word vimuktyai occuring earlier in sloka 8 has thus been explained in
these slokas.

                      Vaidya N. Sundaram
 Kandavar Vindilar      : Those who have seen (Brahman) have not spoken
  Vindavar Kandilar     :   those who speak (about It) have not seen (It)
    satyakAma, satyasaMkalpa, Apatsakha, kAkutsa, shrIman nArAyaNa
        puruShottaMa, shrI ranganAtha, mama nAtha, namostute.

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