[Advaita-l] pradhanika rahasya - The mystery of the foundation
Jaldhar H. Vyas
jaldhar at braincells.com
Wed Sep 23 17:17:54 CDT 2009
[Was Re: [Advaita-l] Durga Rahasya]
On Mon, 21 Sep 2009, Shrinivas Gadkari wrote:
> Namaste Jaldhar,
> Here an initiative that was started by you five years ago:
> If possible, can you post the translation of this durgA rahasya in the
> coming days (in case you have not yet completed the translation
> please take your time).
I actually did complete the translation but for some reason did not post
it to the list.
According to Shri Bhaskararaya, these 3 stotras are to be recited after
the Devi Mahatmya. They have no relation to the vishishtadvaita concept
of rahasya traya.
First you should recite the following:
asya shrIrahasyatrayasya brahmA.achyutarudrA R^iShayaH | navadurgA devatA |
anuShTup.h chhandaH | mahAlakShmIbIjaM | shrIH shaktiH |
abhIpsitaphalasiddhyarthe jape viniyogaH ||
"Of these three rahasyas, Brahma, Achyuta, and Rudra are the
Rishis; The Nine Durgas are the devatas; Anushtup is the meter;
Mahalakshmi is the seed; Shri is the power; That all wishes may be
fulfilled is the purpose."
 i.e. Vishnu.
 i.e. Shiva.
|| atha prAdhAnikarahasyam.h ||
"The Mystery of the Foundation"
"The king said"
 Suratha the auditor of the Devi Mahatmya
bhagavannavatArA me chaNDikAyAstvayoditAH |
eteShAM prakR^itiM brahmanpradhAnaM vakturmahasi || 1 ||
"Bhagavan! I have been told by you of the avataras of Chandika. Will you
now tell me, brahmana, about their foundation?"
 I.e. their primal form.
aarAdhyaM yanmayA devyAH svarUpaM yena vai dvija |
vidhinA brUhi sakalaM yathAvatpraNatasya me || 2 ||
"I bow down to you. Speak everything about the Goddess's true form
according to the shastras oh Dvija so that it is properly worshipped
 twice-born i.e. Brahmana.
"the sage said"
 Medhas the narrator of the Devi Mahatmya.
idaM rahasyaM paramamanAkhyeyaM prachakShate |
bhaktosIti na me kiMchittavAvAchyaM narAdhipa || 3 ||
"This mystery should be forever kept to oneself it is said, but you are a
bhakta, how can I keep anything from you oh king?"
sarvasyAdyA mahAlakShmIstriguNA parameshvarI |
lakShyAlakShyasvarUpA sA vyApya kR^itsnaM vyavasthitA || 4 ||
"Above all things, Mahalakshmi composed of three gunas is the supreme
ruler. With qualities and without , Her own form is to be found
 Great Prosperity.
 i.e. her form is both saguna and nirguna.
mAtuli~NgaM gadAM kheTaM pAnapAtraM cha vibhratI |
nAgaM li~NgaM cha yoniM cha vibhratI nR^ipa mUrdhani || 5 ||
"She carries a matulinga, mace, shield, and drinking cup [in Her four
arms] and on Her head is a snake entwined linga and yoni."
 a large citrus fruit that is a symbol of prosperity.
 The linga and yoni are the iconic form of Shiva-Shakti.
taptakA~nchanavarNAbhA taptakA~ncanabhUShaNA |
shUnyaM tadakhilaM svena pUrayAmAsa tejasA || 6 ||
"She is of the color of burnished gold with ornaments of burnished gold.
The emptiest spaces of all the worlds are filled by her energy."
shUnyaM tadakhilaM lokaM vilokya parameshvarI |
babhAra rUpamaparaM tamasA kevalena hi || 7 ||
"Seeing the emptiness of the worlds, the supreme ruler took another form
made only of tamasa."
 the lowest of the three gunas.
sA bhinnA~njanasa~NkAshA daMShTrA~nchitavarAnanA |
vishAlalochanA nArI babhUva tanumadhyamA || 8 ||
"She became a woman with the lustre of kajala whose face contained sharp
fangs, who eyes were beautiful and whose waist was slender."
 Collyrium. It is black in color.
kabandhahAraM shirasA bibhrANA shirasAM srajam.h || 9 ||
"A sword, drinking cup, severed head, and shield decorated Her four hands.
She wore a girdle of bodies and a garland of severed heads."
tAM provAcha mahAlakShmIstAmasIM pramadottamAm.h |
dadAmi tava nAmAni yAni karmANi tAni te || 10 ||
"To the tamasic one, best amongst beguiling women, Mahalakshmi said, 'I
give you names by which You will know Your work"
mahAmAyA mahAkAlI mahAmArI kShudhA tR^iShA |
nidrA tR^iShNA chaikavIrA kAlarAtrirduratyayA || 11 ||
"Mahamaya, Mahakali, Mahamari, Kshudha, Trsha,
Nidra, Trishna, Ekavira, Kalaratri, Duratyaya"
 the great delusion
 the great black one
 the great death
 dark night
 champion. Before a battle, each army would send one of their best
warriors to engage in single combat with the champion of the other side.
imAni tava nAmAni pratipAdyAni karmabhiH |
ebhiH karmANi te GYAtvA yo.adhIte so.ashnute mukham.h || 12 ||
"These are Your names which will explain Your actions. He who knows Your
actions by knowing [Your names] will attain happiness'"
tAmityuktvA mahAlakShmIH svarUpamaparaM nR^ipa |
satvAkhyenAtishuddhena guNenenduprabhaM dadhau || 13 ||
"Having said thus, Mahalakshmi took another form oh King. Only composed of
sattva of the utmost purity, and shining like the moon."
 The highest of the three gunas. Thus it is also implied that Mahalakshmi
represents rajas, the middle guna.
akShamAlA~NkushadharA viNApustakadhAriNI |
sA babhUva varA nArI nAmAnyasyai cha sA dadau || 14 ||
"She became an excellent woman who carried a rudrakshamala, goad, vina,
and book [in Her four hands.] These names were given to Her."
mahAvidyA mahAvANI bhAratI vAk.h sarasvatI |
aaryA brAhmI kAmadhenurvedagarbhA sureshvarI || 15 ||
"Mahavidya, Mahavani. Bharati, Vak. Sarasvati,
Arya, Brahmi, Kamadhenu. Vedagarbha. Sureshvari"
 great knowledge
 great speech
 personification of India
 Goddess of knowledge
 wife of Brahma
 the wish-fulfilling cow. (Note there is a variant reading mahAdhenu
"the great cow" in some books.)
 womb or source of the Vedas.
 queen of the Gods.
athovAcha mahAlakShmIrmahAkAlIM sarasvatIm.h |
yuvAM janayatAM devyau mithune svAnurUpataH || 16 ||
"Then Mahalakshmi said to Mahakali and [Maha]sarasvati, 'You two
Goddesses produce twins with forms similiar to your own.'"
ityuktvA te mahAlakShmiH sasarja mithunaM svayaM |
hiraNyagarbhau ruchirau strIpuMsau kamalAsane || 17 ||
"Saying thus, Mahalakshmi Herself produced twins, a man and a woman born
from Hiranyagarbha, shining and seated on a lotus."
 the golden womb. The first, mental stage of primordial creation.
brahman.h vidhe vira~ncheti dhAtarityAha taM naram.h |
shrIH padme kamale lakShmItyAh mAtA cha tAm striyaM || 18 ||
"Brahma, Vidhi, Virincha, Dhata, She called the man. and
Shri, Padma, Kamala, Lakshmi, Mother called the woman"
 the God of creation
 another name of Brahma
 another word for lotus
 Goddess of wealth
 i.e. Mahalakshmi
mahAkAlI bhAratI cha mithune sR^ijatisma ha |
etayorapi rUpANI nAmAni cha vadAmi te || 19 ||
"Mahakali and Bharati also produced twins. I shall tell you their
forms and names."
 i.e. Mahasarasvati
nIlakaNThaM raktabAhuM shvetA~NgaM chandrashekharam.h |
janayAmAsa puruShaM mahAkAlI sitAM striyam.h || 20 ||
"blue throated, red armed, with white limbs wearing the moon as a hair
ornament, such a man was produced by Mahakali and a white woman."
sa rudraH shaMkaraH sthANuH kapardI cha trilochanaH |
trayI vidyA kAmadhenuH sA strI bhAShAkSharA svarA || 21 ||
"that [man is] Rudra, Shankara, Sthanu, Kapardi,
and Trilochana. Trayi, Vidya, Kamadhenu, is the woman,
Bhashakshara, and Svara."
 who howls or cries in dismay at the sins of men.
 who grants peace.
 with matted hair
 the threefold Vedas
 See note 31.
 the letters of the alphabet
sarasvatIM striyaM gaurIM krShNaM cha puruShaM nR^ipa |
janayAmAsa nAmAni tayorapi vadAmi te || 22 ||
"[Maha]sarasvati produced a golden woman and a dark-skinned man oh king.
I shall also tell you their names."
viShNuH kR^iShNo hR^iShIkesho vAsudevo janArdanaH |
umA gaurI satI chaNDI sundarI subhagA shivA || 23 ||
"Vishnu, Krishna, Hrshikesha, Vasudeva, Janardana, [is
the man]. Uma, Gauri, Sati, Chandi, Sundari,
Subhaga, Shiva [is the woman.]"
 The God who preserves and maintains the universe
 whose skin is dark
 conqueror of sleep (i.e. indolence)
 son of Vasudeva
 who killed the daitya during the churning of the Mahodadhi.
 when Parvati waas a girl She resolved to take up asceticism and
Her mother Mena said u mA ("oh don't!")
 golden skinned
 "virtuous." The daughter of Daksha Prajapati
 the good wife
 wife of Shiva. Or the feminine half of Shiva.
evaM yuvatayaH sadyaH puruShatvaM prapedire |
chakShuShmanto.anupashyanti netare.atadvido janAH || 24 ||
"Thus the three maidens instantly took up maleness. Those who see with
the eye of jnana know this but the ignorant are blind to it."
brahmaNe pradadau patnIM mahAlakShmInR^ipa trayIm.h |
rudrAya gaurIM varadAM vAsudevAya cha shriyam.h || 25 ||
"To Brahma as a wife, Mahalakshmi gave Trayi oh king. To Rudra, Gauri,
and to Vasudeva, Shri."
svarayA saha sambhUya viri~ncho.aNDamajIjanat.h |
bibheda bhagavAn.h rudrastadgauryA saha vIryavAn.h || 26 ||
"Joining with Svara, Virinchi produced an egg. Bhagavan Rudra together
with Gauri broke it open."
aNDamadhye pradhAnAdikAryajAtamabhUnnR^ipa |
mahAbhUtAtmakaM sarvaM jagat.h sthAvaraja~Ngamam.h || 27 ||
"In the middle of the egg was the pradhana and the elements of
cause oh king, the entire universe moving and still composed of the
 prakriti in its unmanifest state according to samkhya philosophy.
 the three gunas, sattva, rajas, and tamas.
 air, earth, fire, water, and akasha.
pupoSha pAlayAmAsa tallakShmyA saha keshavaH |
mahAlakShmIreva matA rAjan sarveshvareshvarI || 28 ||
"This was nourished and protected by Lakshmi and Keshava. Thus
Mahalakshmi can be said to be the mother [of all] oh king, the ruler of
 This is why she is called the pradhAna "foundation" here. The
following diagram (will look best in a fixed space font) illustrates the
cosmology described in this stotra.
| /\ |
| / \ |
Mahakali / \ Mahasarasvati
/\ / \ /\
/ \ / \ / \
Shiva Sarasvati Brahma Lakshmi Vishnu Parvati
Brahma = Sarasvati Vishnu = Lakshmi Shiva = Parvati
| | |
nirAkArA cha sAkArA saiva nAnAbhidhAnabhR^it |
nAmAntarairnirUpyaiShA nAmnA nAnyena kenachit || 29 ||
"Abiding in formless and formed manifestations, She is known by many names
but by no other name [than Mahalakshmi] can She be fully known."
|| iti prAdhAnikarahasyam.h ||
"Thus ends the mystery of the foundation"
Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>
More information about the Advaita-l mailing list