Verses 3-7

durlabhaM trayamevaitaddevaanugrahahetukam.h .
manushhyatvaM mumukshutvaM mahaapurushhasa.nshrayaH

These three are difficult to obtain: to be born as a man, to have the longing for release and the association with great souls. They are the results of divine grace.

lab{}dhvaa kathachin{}narajanma durlabhaM
tatraapi pu.nstvaM shrutipaaradarshanam.h .
yas{}tvaatmamuk{}tau na yateta muuDhadhiiH
sa hyaatmahaa svaM vinihan{}tyasad.hgrahaat.h

He who, havng somehow obtained this rare human birth, and more than that, birth as a male and with correct knowledge of sruti does not strive for liberation is a fool who kills his own soul. he kills himself by involvement in what is not real.

itaH ko n{}vasti muuDhaatmaa yastu svaarthe pramaadyati .
durlabhaM maanushhaM dehaM praapya tatraapi paurushham.h

Who is greater fool than this, who, having obtained birth as a human being and that as a male, is forgetful of his own interests?

vadan{}tu shaastraaNi yajan{}tu devaan.h
kurvan{}tu karmaaNi bhajan{}tu devataaH .
aatmaik{}yabodhena vinaapi muk{}tiH
na sidhyati brahmashataan{}tare.api

Let one read the sastras, sacrifice to the gods, perform karmas or meditate on the divinities; liberation will not arise even after hundreds of brahmakalpas without knowledge of the Unity of brahman

amR^itatvasya naashaasti vittenetyeva hi shrutiH .
braviiti karmaNo muk{}terahetutvaM sphuTaM yataH

The sruti declares that there is no hope of immortality merely by worldly goods. Hence, it is clear that karma cannot be the cause of liberation.


Because birth as a human being can be secured only as a result of merit earned through many lives in the past, because a man should not be unconcerned about his own spiritual welfare, because liberation is of the nature of absolute bliss in which there is complete negation of all sorrow, because such liberation does not arise by mere study of the karma kAnda portion of the Vedas and acting in accordance with it because sruti itself conveys this truth by saying "amrtatvasya nAsAsti vittena" (Brh), "that immortality cannot be secured by worldy goods and as such karmas which produce them are discountenanced for the purpose of liberation, therefore, let the wise men strive truly and well for liberation.