[Advaita-l] Krishna is non-different from the jiva - Bhagavatam

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Tue Aug 23 03:09:42 EDT 2022

श्रीमद्भागवतपुराणम्/स्कन्धः १०/पूर्वार्धः/अध्यायः १४

Atmanastu kaamaya.....Krishna is the Atman of everyone.

Nothing other than Krishna is existent:

In the Brihadaranyaka upanishad there is a very special dialog between
Yajnavalkya and Maitreyi wherin there is a demonstration of the fact that
the Atman that is one's true self is the most loved and lovable entity.
Everything other than oneself that is loved is only for the sake of the
Atman, as being subservient to the Atman. The Upnishad teaches that this
Atman is to be realised by the means of shravana, manana and  nididhyasana.

The following Bhagavatha verses say in no uncertain terms that the  Atman that
is the most lovable is none other than Bhagwan Krishna the cause of the
creation. Conversely Shri Krishna who is Parabraham is non different from
the Atman. Brahman alone is appearing to be the Jeeva in the bound state:
Tat tvam asi.

Apart from the above Advaitic tenet the Bhagavatam also teaches the other
important Vedantik tenet that 'apart from Bramhan nothing else exists.'


श्रीशुक उवाच ।
 सर्वेषामपि भूतानां नृप स्वात्मैव वल्लभः ।
 इतरेऽपत्यवित्ताद्याः तद्वल्लभतयैव हि ॥ ५० ॥

Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: O King, for every created being the dearmost
thing is certainly his own self. The dearness of everything else —
children, wealth and so on — is due only to the dearness of the self.

 तद् राजेन्द्र यथा स्नेहः स्वस्वकात्मनि देहिनाम् ।
 न तथा ममतालम्बि पुत्रवित्तगृहादिषु ॥ ५१ ॥

For this reason, O best of kings, the embodied soul is self-centered: he is
more attached to his own body and self than to his so-called possessions
like children, wealth and home.

 देहात्मवादिनां पुंसां अपि राजन्यसत्तम ।
 यथा देहः प्रियतमः तथा न ह्यनु ये च तम् ॥ ५२ ॥

Indeed, for persons who think the body is the self, O best of kings, those
things whose importance lies only in their relationship to the body are
never as dear as the body itself.

 देहोऽपि ममताभाक् चेत् तर्ह्यसौ नात्मवत् प्रियः ।
 यज्जीर्यत्यपि देहेऽस्मिन् जीविताशा बलीयसी ॥ ५३ ॥

If a person comes to the stage of considering the body “mine” instead of
“me,” he will certainly not consider the body as dear as his own self.
After all, even as the body is growing old and useless, one’s desire to
continue living remains strong.

 तस्मात् प्रियतमः स्वात्मा सर्वेषामपि देहिनाम् ।
 तदर्थमेव सकलं जगद् एतत् चराचरम् ॥ ५४ ॥

Therefore it is his own self that is most dear to every embodied living
being, and it is simply for the satisfaction of this self that the whole
material creation of moving and nonmoving entities exists.

 कृष्णमेनमवेहि त्वं आत्मानं अखिलात्मनाम् ।
 जगद्धिताय सोऽप्यत्र देहीवाभाति मायया ॥ ५५ ॥

You should know Kṛṣṇa to be the original Soul of all living entities. For
the benefit of the whole universe, He has, out of His causeless mercy,
appeared as an ordinary human being. He has done this by the strength of
His internal potency.

 वस्तुतो जानतामत्र कृष्णं स्थास्नु चरिष्णु च ।
 भगवद्रूपमखिलं नान्यद् वस्त्विह किञ्चन ॥ ५६ ॥

Those in this world who understand Lord Kṛṣṇa as He is see all things,
whether stationary or moving, as manifest forms of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. Such enlightened persons recognize no reality apart from the
Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa.

 सर्वेषामपि वस्तूनां भावार्थो भवति स्थितः ।
 तस्यापि भगवान्कृष्णः किं अतद्वस्तु रूप्यताम् ॥ ५७ ॥

The original, unmanifested form of material nature is the source of all
material things, and the source of even that subtle material nature is the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kṛṣṇa. What, then, could one ascertain to
be separate from Him?

Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva na aprah.


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