[Advaita-l] Fwd: [advaitin] Yet another Mahavakya in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Tue Oct 26 12:30:26 EDT 2021

On Tue, Oct 26, 2021 at 9:25 PM Venkatraghavan S via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:

> Namaste,
> samskAra need not be mentioned - as long as the possibility is not denied,
> there is nothing to say it is impossible.

In the Brihadaranyaka mantra 4.4.2  तं विद्याकर्मणी समन्वारभेते
पूर्वप्रज्ञा च ॥ २ ॥  Shankara says for vidya: विद्याकर्मणी — विद्या च कर्म
च विद्याकर्मणी विद्या सर्वप्रकारा विहिता प्रतिषिद्धा च अविहिता अप्रतिषिद्धा
च,  all these learnt, studied, are part of the jiva who transmigrates to
another body. दृश्यते च केषाञ्चित् कासुचित्क्रियासु चित्रकर्मादिलक्षणासु
विनैव इह अभ्यासेन जन्मत एव कौशलम् , कासुचित् अत्यन्तसौकर्ययुक्तास्वपि
अकौशलं केषाञ्चित् ;  what has been learnt/practiced stays with the
individual forever as vasana and manifests in another body without the need
for its abhyasa afresh.  He gives the example of drawing, etc. And
concludes: तस्मात् एतत् त्रयं शाकटिकसम्भारस्थानीयं परलोकपथ्यदनं
विद्याकर्मपूर्वप्रज्ञाख्यम् । यस्मात् विद्याकर्मणी पूर्वप्रज्ञा च
देहान्तरप्रतिपत्त्युपभोगसाधनम् , तस्मात् विद्याकर्मादि शुभमेव समाचरेत् ,
यथा इष्टदेहसंयोगोपभोगौ स्याताम् — इति प्रकरणार्थः ॥  Since what is acquired
stays, one should endeavor to do the good alone so that one gets a good
life in future.

From this it is clear that vidya, whether it is laukika or adhyatma,
acquired in one life manifests in another life when the necessary
circumstances are in place. So, it remains as samskara and aids
its perfection.

There is a famous subhashita too:

गतेऽपि वयसि ग्राह्या विद्या सर्वात्मना बुधैः |
यद्द्यापि स्यान्न फलदा सुलभा सान्यSजन्मनि  |

The  wise and learned persons have ordained that 'Vidyaa' should be learnt
even if  a person  becomes aged.
Although such learning may not  be fruitful to him during his lifetime, in
his next birth it is easier for him to acquire knowledge because of his
'Samskaars' in his previous birth .


> Regards
> Venkatraghavan

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