# [Advaita-l] shivaraatri dates this year

Balasubramanian Ramakrishnan rama.balasubramanian at gmail.com
Thu Feb 1 13:13:10 EST 2018

```Fantastic explanation. Thanks.

Rama

On Thu, Feb 1, 2018 at 11:56 AM Anand Hudli via Advaita-l <

> Correction:
>
> "The nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the night (i.e.
> from sunset to sunset the next day) into 15 parts and taking the eighth
> such part."
> should read- "The nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the
> night (i.e. from sunset to *sunrise* the next day) into 15 parts and taking
> the eighth such part."
>
> Anand
>
>
> On Thu, Feb 1, 2018 at 10:18 PM, Anand Hudli <anandhudli at hotmail.com>
> wrote:
>
> > >The kanchi mutt is following the कालमाधवीयं and sriCngeri mutt is
> > following धर्मसिन्धु...
> >
> > >Former is celebrating on 14th and the later on 13th !!
> >
> > Dear Shri Sriramji,
> >
> > I looked at both the (Kannada) Sringeri and (Telugu version) Kanchi Matha
> > Panchangas. First of all, the tithi ending times are telling us that
> > Sringeri uses (the ancient) Surya Siddhanta method of determining tithi
> > ending times, while Kanchi uses dRg-gaNita. The starting and ending time
> > for Chaturdashi tithi are 1) 10:15 PM on Feb 13 and 12:11 AM on Feb 15 as
> > per Surya siddhAnta and 2) 10:34 PM on Feb 13 and 12:46 AM on Feb 15 as
> per
> > dRg-gaNita. Now, the rule for mahAshivarAtri states that Chaturdashi
> should
> > prevail during the nishItha kAla of the day when we observe it. The
> > nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the night (i.e.
> from
> > sunset to sunset the next day) into 15 parts and taking the eighth such
> > part. The sunset times at Sringeri and Kanchi differ too, since Sringeri
> > sunset is at 6:33 PM and Kanchi sunset is at 6:16 PM. Taking the duration
> > of the night as approximately 12 hours (this is sufficient for this
> > instance, although the actual duration of night is slightly more than 12
> > hours), each 1/15 part of the night is 48 minutes, which is, by the way,
> > the duration of a muhUrta. The eighth such part (nishItha kAla) starts 5
> > hours 36 minutes after sunset. In Sringeri, this would be 12:09 AM on Feb
> > 14 and in Kanchi it would be 11:52 PM on Feb 13. On the next day, the
> start
> > of nishItha kAla is about the same in the two places. The ending time for
> > the nishItha kAla would be 12:57 AM on Feb 14 in Sringeri and 12:40 AM on
> > Feb 14 in Kanchi. The interesting point to note is that the vyApti of
> > Chaturdashi is kArtsnyena (complete, as dharmasindhu puts it) in Sringeri
> > on Feb 13-14 night and ekadeshena (partially) on Feb 14-15 night as per
> > Sringeri's method, ie. sUrya siddhAnta. When this happens, the rule for
> > shivarAtri states that the first night, i.e. Feb 13-14, should be
> selected
> > for observing shivarAtri (paredyuH nishItha-ekadesha-vyAptau pUrvedyuH
> > saMpUrNatadvyAptau pUrvaiva). Hence Feb 13-14 is the shivarAtri date for
> > Sringeri. The same would have been the case for Kanchi, had it not been
> for
> > the dRg-gaNita method which makes the ending time of Chaturdashi 12:46
> AM,
> > beyond the ending of nishItha kAla at 12:40 AM. As an interesting twist,
> > there is not ekadesha-vyApti but saMpUrNa-vyApti even on the second
> night,
> > i.e. Feb 14-15 *and* saMpUrNa-vyApti on the first night , i.e. Feb 13-14
> in
> > Kanchi! When this happens, another rule applies which says the majority
> of
> > the dharmashAstra-kAras recommend the second night, i.e. Feb 14-15 in
> this
> night.
> > It appears that Kanchi has taken the majority opinion, which includes
> > weighty granthas such as nirNyaya-sindhu, kAlamAdhava, and puruShArtha
> > chintamaNi. Hence, Feb 14-15 is the shivarAtri date for Kanchi.
> >
> > Anand
> >
> >
> _______________________________________________