[Advaita-l] In the lineage of Ashwatthama
dvnsarma at gmail.com
Wed Nov 15 00:26:19 EST 2017
I do not think that Aswatthama was crowned as a king. Atleast I am not
aware of any such
thing. I remember that he has been cursed by Veda Vyasa to suffer leprocy
for the rest of his life.
On Tue, Nov 14, 2017 at 11:07 PM, V Subrahmanian via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
> Narasimhavarman II (r. 700 - 728 CE), popularly known as Rajasimha Pallava,
> was a ruler of the Pallava kingdom. Sen states Narasimhavarman, or
> Rajamalla, reigned from 695 to 722 AD. Rajasimha is credited with the
> construction of the Shore Temple, Isvara and Mukunda Temples in
> Mahabalipuram, the Panamalai Temple in South Arcot, plus the Kailasanathar
> Temple and Vaikuntha-Perumal Temples in Kanchipuram. Rajasimha's reign was
> period of great literary and architectural advancements and he is often
> grouped by historians with Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I as one of
> the greatest Pallava rulers.
> By the time Rajasimha ascended the throne, the Pallavas were by the large
> most powerful military force in the subcontinent. His father
> Parameswaravarman I was among the greatest of warrior kings of ancient
> India, the Amaravati Pallava inscription praises him of being: "As vigorous
> and strong as lord sambhu (siva)". Parameswaravarman I had subdued all his
> formidable enemies to extend the Pallava empire far and away. Rajasimha
> followed up very well.The Vayalur inscription of Pallavas issued on the eve
> of the coronation of Rajasimha (695.C.E-728.C.E), gives a lineage of 54
> rulers through the epochs of Krita, Dwapara and Kali Yuga up to emperor
> Rajasimha, this includes 47 kings after Aswattama, the great Brahmana
> warrior ancestor of the Pallavas.
> Rajasimha, like of most of Pallava kings before him, was a great
> militarist. That the Pallavas were recognized as a major power during his
> period is testified by the fact that he exchanged ambassadors with China.
> In general his period was relatively free from major wars and Pallava
> domination of south east Asia continued.
> Rajasimha was a skilled dramatist and poet. He wrote many works in
> Sanskrit.His Sanskrit plays had themes from Ramayana, Mahabharatha and
> Puranas. Kutiyattam, which is considered as the most ancient available form
> of dance drama and is still in vogue in Kerala, uses some of his plays
> (like Kailasodharanam) for subject matter and so does Chakyar Koothu
> another ancient Tamil dramatized worship service. another play called
> "Kamsavadham" dealing with lord Krishna's killing of Kamsa also was written
> by the king.Narasimhavarman II wrote Bhagavadajjukiya, farces concerning
> the rivalry between Kapalikas and Buddhists.The Sanskrit litterateur Dandin
> spent several years in his court and was patronized by the king, but we do
> not know about his standing as the inscriptions denote considerable level
> of erudition . Rajasimha himself was a great devotee who was credited for
> having mastered the great agamic worship rituals" like preceptor Drona".
> For all his accomplishments, Rajasimha is mainly remembered as a foremost
> devotee of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is famously known to have appeared in the
> king's dream and ordered him to adjourn his coronation because he wanted to
> first bless an impoverished saint Poosalar. This event is very well
> described in most Pallava grants of Rajasimha as well as the ones after
> Rajasimha was a great devotee of Shiva and constructed the Kailasanathar
> Temple at Kanchipuram.
> Rajasimha is generally identified with as Kalarsinga Nayanar ( meaning "one
> who is lion to crowd of evil kings") Nayanar. one of the 63 Shaiva saints
> and also a contemporary to many Nayanmar saints like Sundarar, Dandi,
> Poosalar and his great queen Rangapataka who was known to be a pious queen.
> Rajasimha is greatly admired for valor. He took many titles like
> "Ranajaya", and "Sivachudamani". Rajasimha also famously declared before
> lord Shiva in Tiruvarur alongside Serruthunai a Nayanmar saint that he
> considered himself not as a king but a sincere servant of lord Shiva.
> Rajasimha's reign was marked by peace and prosperity, and he constructed
> several beautiful temples.Apart from the Kailasanatha Temple at
> Kanchipuram, Rajasimha also built several other temples, including the
> Vaikuntha Perumal Temple at Kanchi, Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram. He is
> also credited with building the Airavatesvara temple at Kanchipuram and the
> Talagirisvara Temple at Panamalai.
> Rajasimha's had two sons - Mahendravarman and Paramesvaravarman II.
> However, Mahendravarman III predeceased his father, and Paramesvaravarman
> II succeeded to the throne in 728 CE.
> In picture -The Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram built by Narasimhavarman II
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