[Advaita-l] Vsheshana and Lakshana
vmurthy36 at gmail.com
Sat Dec 16 02:33:01 EST 2017
If we only say Brahman is Anaadi there is Dosha because Avidyaa also is
Anadi. Jeeva also is Anadi. Ishwara is also Anadi and so on. If we
say Anadi-Ananta or Adyanta-Rahita that will be Brahman only because there
is no other thing that is always existing.
On Sat, Dec 16, 2017 at 12:24 PM, Rajesh Benjwal via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
> *Similarly satyam jnanam anantam anandam are lakshanas of Brahman. Brahman
> alone can have these, nothing else in creation. *
> We do not usually say that no one in the creation can have any of these
> lakshaNaH because when there is a set of qualifications than one of them
> may have ativyApti. So to keep in mind the ativyApti we have to add one or
> more set of qualifications and call them lakshaNa. Like if we only say
> anantam is lakshaNa of brahma then there will be ativyApti doshaH as
> ध्वंसाभाव is also अनन्तम्. So to अतिव्याप्ति: परिहार्थाय we have to add few
> more qualifications. So we add सद् also, now the combination of the both
> does the परिहार of अतिव्याप्ति as ध्वंसाभाव is not anAdi.
> So lakshaNa must be free from dushtA, asambhava, and ativyApti dosha. So we
> have to combine few qualifications and make them lakshaNa.
> My two cents.
> On Fri, Dec 15, 2017 at 1:16 PM, V Subrahmanian via Advaita-l <
> advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
> > Visheshana: adjective: blue, big, fragrant lily. In this example, the
> > blueness helps to distinguish 'this' lily from a red, etc. lily. The
> > bigness helps to distinguish this lily from small, baby lilies. Fragrance
> > helps distinguish this lily from those lilies that are devoid of
> > This is a case of visheshana that distinuishes a thing from all other
> > members of the same class: lily.
> > On the other hand, a lakshana is that which helps distinguish an object
> > from every thing that is not that object. Example: akasha is given the
> > lakshana 'avakasha pradaatrtva - the one that accommodates (all other
> > things). Now, this trait is unique to akasha. nothing else in creation
> > has this. When we say a house can accommodate people and things, it is
> > space there that accommodates.
> > Similarly satyam jnanam anantam anandam are lakshanas of Brahman. Brahman
> > alone can have these, nothing else in creation. Satyam is that which
> > not go out of existence. all that is created will go out of existence.
> > Jnanam is pure objectless consciousness. every other jnanam in creation
> > janya jnana like 'pot knowledge, cloth knowledge' It happens through a
> > vrtti. Brahman svarupa jnanam is not a vritti dependent one. Ananta is
> > infinite in space, time and object. everything in creation is limited by
> > space, time and object. Thus alone the advaita Vedantin holds that
> > jnanam anantam are the svarupa of Brahman. Brahman is satyam, brahman is
> > jnanam....Brahman can't be other than, without satyam. just like there
> > be no fire sans heat/light.
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