[Advaita-l] Question on Purvakanda
Venkata sriram P via Advaita-l
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org
Sat Jun 28 11:06:50 CDT 2014
"tisrEva dEvatA iti nairuktAH" - ie., the nirukta says that the main
vaidika devatAs are only 3 in number viz., agni, vAyu / indra, sUrya respectively.
"agniH pruthivIsthAnO vAyurva indrO vA antarikSasthAnaH sUryO dyusthAnaH"
ie., the agni tattva presides over pruthivi; vAyu / indra tattva presides over antarikSa;
sUrya presides over dyu sthAna.
The karma-kANDa bhAga having pUrva-mimAmsa sUtras dealing
with yajna, yAga & kratus are meant for propitiating the above deities only.
The "agni-tattva" is the pradhAna upAsya tattva in karma-kANDa and hence
whatever be the samsakarAs performed right from birth to death, is performed
with "Agni-AdhAna" only whether it is "laukika-agni" or "samskAra-agni".
After upanayana, the brahmachAri performs sandhyavandana which is sUryOpAsana
where the hiraNmaya-puruSa is contemplated amidst solar orbit; this is followed
by "agni-kArya" and "samidhAdAna". After grihasthAshrama, he performs "agni-hOtra",
"vaishwadEva" etc. which involves the agni. After taking sanyAsa, he draws the
external agni inside into himself and becomes one with it and thus sports with
"jnAna-shikha" and "jnAna-agni".
So, this is how the agni plays an important role as upAsya-tattva in our
vaidika sanAtana dharma.
It is this agni which is extolled as viSNu / rudra / vAk / durga etc.
The prateekOpAsana, per se, in the form of vigraha-ArAdhana has evolved
out of smritis and purANAs. But in karma-kANDa, per se, which is a part of
pUrva-mimAmsa, there is no involvement of "pratIkOpAsana" and "vigraha-ArAdhana".
Even kAvyakantha gaNapati muni was also of the same view and according to
him, the pradhAna-upAsya-tattva of veda is Indra. Infact, it is "indha" which
denotes "agni" but changed to "Indra" owing to the "parOkshapriyatva" of
vaidika devata rahasya.
My 2 cents..
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