[Advaita-l] The concept of "bhAvarUpa" in shAnkara bhAShyam
bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com
Thu Jun 20 03:08:59 CDT 2013
Followers of the vivaraṇam tradition often quote texts like GK 1.2
bhāshyam as a basis for their view that the only way to explain the
memory "I did not know anything in deep sleep", is recourse to this
bhāva-rūpa avidyā [eg vivaraṇam p74-76 pratyaksham tāvat
"ahamajñah...etc, Citsukha in TP p99 "Further, experience in dreamless
sleep attested by the reflection afterwards "I knew nothing", is another
proof of positive ignorance"]. However, Suresvara declares clearly that
"I do not know" is not a real cognition of a memory but is just a false
notion [ na suṣuptigavijñānam nājñāsiṣam iti smritih BUBV 1.4.300].
Further, the word bījam is taken in the vivaraṇam tradition as a basis
for postulating such a bhāva-rūpa avidyā. However the simple false notion
of not knowing atman is what is defined as this bījam in Shankara's
tradition as explained by Suresvara [ajñātāmaika-samsiddha bījāvastham
idam jagat BUBV 1.4.191], ajñātam brahma khalu sabījam brahmocyate [MRV
Sanskrit commentary on GK 1.2, page 72].
praNAms Sri Subhanu prabhuji
Thanks again for bringing this point from vArtika prasthAna. It is in
every one's anubhava that I had a sound sleep & I did not know
anything...Here shankara explains, why we dont have 'vishesha darshana' in
sushupti, it is because of 'ekeebhUtaM'. Shankara further explains the
absence of karaNa-s is the reason for not seeing the 'vishesha' and
whatever is there in sushupti is 'ekaM'. sushupti kAle cha pareNa
brahmaNA jeevaH ekatAM gacchati, tattra sati sampannastAvat tat ekatvAt
na vijAnAteeti yuktaM clarifies shankara in sUtra bhAshya. Sri SSS in his
independent grantha 'avasthAtraya chandrikA' explains this beautifully.
Further in bruhadAraNyaka shankara without any ambiguity explains why we
dont have vishesha darshana in sushupti : tena na pruthaktvena
vyavasthitAni karaNAni vishayAscha, tadabhAvAt vishesha darshanaM nAsti.
Now, the objector may ask the question, it is OK, we agree that there is
no 'vishesha' jnAna in sushupti due to absence of 'karaNa' and jeeva is
ekeebhUta with brahma, but why we dont have 'svarUpa' jnAna in sushupti??
since you are arguing that in sushupti jeeva becomes brahman, atleast
jeeva should have his/her 'svarUpa' jnAna if not , vishesha jnAna. For
this answer that shankara gives in chAdOgya is : jeeva is one with brahma
not like 'water in drenched cloth' jeeva has become one with brahma like
essence of flower in honey...shankara jokingly says one cannot sit on his
own shoulder, to know the one's own svarUpa in sushpti. There is an
absence of the kriya i.e. knowing but there is no absence of the jnAtru
there, in this state 'the knower' does not have anything to 'know' since
he is 'ekaM' there.
Hari Hari Hari Bol!!!
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