[Advaita-l] On rationality; was "Vedas are not apauresheya according to the Vedas ?"
sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com
Wed Jan 23 16:19:18 CST 2013
Shri Rajaram has his arguments against the Apaurusheyatva of the Vedas. Let us now ask Shri Rajaram why he considers the Veda as Paurusheya with all the proofs at his command and let him also say what should that mean to the Advaitins. Does he want to say that Lord Krishna did not have the authority to say that he created the world with his Maya? Does he also question the authority of the Veda, Vedanta and other scriptures. Does he think that with his arguments all the Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita gets demolished and not only that even all the theistc religions fall as the existence of God cannot be proved. If the vedantins are not convinced by what Shri Rajaram says then they need not accept what Shri Rajaram says and prescribes but it will be better to know Shri Rajaram's mind.
Shri Rajaram must be convinced by now that nobody will be able to convince him about the apaurusheyatva of the Veda and Vedanta. So what is his next step. Is he going to continue to seek the illusive answer to his endless questionsand thus continue to play this never-ending game of going round and round, as a sport?
I am saying this because it appears that all of us are being aroused by our desire to prove the genuineness of Apaurusheyatva tag of the Vedas and to see that it does not get detached. This is increasing the desire in Shri Rajaram to continue his arguments against apaurusheyatva. Should we really bother if someone does not accept the Veda and Vedanta to be apaurusheya? The Vedanta has never asked for demolishing the other Darshanas. The Vedanta is not for everybody at the same time.
From: V Subrahmanian <v.subrahmanian at gmail.com>
To: rajaramvenk at gmail.com; A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org>
Sent: Wednesday, January 23, 2013 11:02 AM
Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] On rationality; was "Vedas are not apauresheya according to the Vedas ?"
In the commentary to the early verse of the Vivekachudamani 'jantUnAm
narajanma durlabham....' , for the term 'vaidikadharmamArgaparatA' HH Sri
Chandrashekhara Bharati Swamiji has made a brief but a very forceful
observation that cites a jaimini sutra too and says:
[I have given a free translation to each sentence for ease in reading and
appreciating the Bhashyam, which however, has no parallel]
na hi vedam vinA pramANAntaram dharmaviShaye padamADhAtumIShTe tasya
atIndriyatvena pratyakShasya tatra aprasarAt.
Apart from the Veda there is no other means of knowing dharma since it is
beyond the grasp of one's senses.
ata eva na anumAnam tatra prasarati, pratyakShamUlakatvAdanumAnapravRutteH
Therefore alone inference too has no place there since even inference has
to operate with perception for its basis.
ata eva vedavyatirikta shabdo'pi na tam bodhayitum pArayati pratyakShAdinA
avadhAritasyaiva arthasya laukikashabdena bodhayitum shakyatvAt.
That is why words other than that of the Veda too cannot teach us about
dharma since the words of the world are capable of conveying only that
which has been determined by perceptual knowledge.
smRutInAmapi pauruSheyatvena puruShANAm bhramapramAdAdisambhavena
doShagandha-anAgnadhitashrutimUlakatayaiva prAmANyasya vaktavyatayA
vedavyatiriktasya shabadsya dharme svataH apramANatvAt.
Here lies the crux of the commentary: Since even the smRti texts, being
human-authored are not free from the possibility of the defects like
inadvertence, and error, *when there arises a doubt about their not being
the valid means* of knowing (dharma, etc.), one will have to settle on that
means which being apauruSheya (not human-authored) and being free of any
defect (that are possible with humans) which can qualify as the right means
having its source in the Veda since words that are not of the Veda are
incapable of being the means for determining on things like dharma.
kimcha smRutikartAro vA antIndriyaM dharmaM kathaM vyajAnan?
Further, how indeed did the authors of the smRti-s know about dharma that
is beyond one's sensory perception?
yogajasAmarthyeneti cet tatsAmarthyaM kathaM taiH sampAditam?
If it is due to their powers derived from practice of yoga, how indeed was
that (power) acquired by them?
dharmAnuShThAnena iti chet, sa dharmaH kathaMjnAtaH?
If it is replied: 'by their practicing dharma', how/from where indeed did
they come to know of that dharma (which they practiced and acquired those
ata eva ' yo brahmANam vidadhAti pUrvaM, yo vai vedAmshcha prahiNoti
tasmai' iti prathamam sRujyamaanasya hiraNyagarbhasyaapi
IshvaraAnugRhItavedamUlkameva dharmajnAnamiti bodhayati shrutiH.
That is why from the vedic passage 'He who created brahmA and gave him the
Veda..' we know that the dharmajnAnam of even the first-born Hiranyagarbha
is engendered by the Veda that was blessed/vouchsafed to him by Ishwara.
kiM vakyavyamitareShaM !!
What to say about the others (authors of the smRti-s)?
What a fine discourse!!
The key point to note here is that the apauruSheyatva comes in the
when there is a doubt/question about the error-free nature of a teaching /
text one gets to read/hear.* In those cases where such a doubt was not
raised, not due to ignorance, but due to correct intuition, there was
successful knowledge transmission from that text itself, as said in the
special cases of very advanced souls/ mahAtma-s. This is just an aside.
But the Acharya above has very nicely delineated the idea of apauruSheyatA
with respect to the Veda as the means to inform/instruct us about dharma
(and brahma which is, of course, not divorced from dharma, 'dharmyam' -
[dharmAdanapetam], a term the Upanishad itself uses).
I have heard the above underlined portion stressed by learned scholars
while discussing about the concept/idea of apauruSheyatva. In the face of
such a doubt, shankA, the prAmANyasiddhi takes place only when
apaurSheyatva is brought in. There is no other way out.
That is why questions like 'does not the Bh.Gita teach us about the Self,
the sthitaprajna lakshana, the sadhana, about the world,etc.' become valid
only when the aspirant concerned has no problems in accepting the smRti.
If, however, someone asks: 'how did Veda Vyasa know about all this?' then
the inevitable journey that is destined to end in apauruSheya-veda-vAda
On Wed, Jan 23, 2013 at 1:37 PM, <rajaramvenk at gmail.com> wrote:
> How do the authors of pauresheya texts know? You can say they have special
> powers but how do you or they know that they have special powers. You
> need apauresheya text to say. Apauresheya texts are true because of
> sabdArtha nityatvA.
> Even you can't say Ishwara told me. How do you know someone is Ishwara?
> You need apaureshya text to know Ishwara. Pauresheya is valid as a
> secondary sabda pramana only.
> Sent from my BlackBerry® wireless device
To unsubscribe or change your options:
For assistance, contact:
listmaster at advaita-vedanta.org
More information about the Advaita-l mailing list