[Advaita-l] requirement for a sanyasi

dr.praveen kumar drpraveenks at gmail.com
Tue Nov 15 15:21:41 CST 2011

> Sri Subhanu and venkat sriram,

thank you both for having taken the trouble in answering.yes,it is very
useful input


> From: subhanu saxena <subhanu at hotmail.com>
> To: Advaita-l List email <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org>
> Date: Mon, 14 Nov 2011 23:33:33 +0000
> Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] Requirements for a Sanyasi from Adi Shankara
> Praveen Kumar wrote:
> "I understand Adi Shankara outlined the desired characteristics of a
> sanyasi
> and those who adorn the Amanyapeeta that he established.Can anybody throw
> more light on those please?"
> Namaste
> I took the liberty of forwarding your question to Swami Yogananda
> Saraswati who is closely associated to the Sringeri Matha, and I received
> the following reply below which I hope is helpful.
> I have also included the link to the work Swamiji mentions,
> pAramahamsya-mImAmsA. I had posted a loose translation of the first few
> chapters of this work a few years ago on the Satchidanandendra list and I
> can send this to you direct if you email me privately. There are extensive
> references in this work to how sannyasa is described in the brahma sutram,
> jAbAla Sruti which is quoted by Suresvara and Shankara (with the key line
> yad ahareva virajet tadahareva pravrajet),the bhashya texts, esp
> Brihadaranyaka, the Vartika of Suresvara, Gita, as well as various Smritis
> and Puranas.
> Regards
> Subhanu
> Response from Swami Yogananda Saraswati below:
> As you might know, the required qualifications for sannyasa are
> cittashuddhi, viveka, vairAgya and shatsampatti (shama, dama, uparati,
> titikshA, shraddhA and samAdhAna), obtained by the practice of karmayoga
> or nishkAma-karma. By giving up karma-phala, rAga and dvesha fade away,
> as well as bhoktritva, and one becomes fit to give up all karmas and
> kartritva through knowledge.
> Apart from the Upanishads, the 2nd (55 to 71) and 12th (13 to 20)
> chapters of Bh.-Gita give the characteristics of a sannyAsi.
> Shankara's upadesha-pañcakam, yati-pañcakam and dhanyAshTakam speak of
> sannyAsa too, and another work entitled mahAnushAsanam, which is
> attributed to him, speaks of the rules to be followed by mathAdhipatis.
> Among the 28 shlokas which constitute that work, the following two are
> often quoted by the Shringeri Jagadgurus :
> shucir-jitendriyo veda-vedANgAdi-vishAradaH |
> yogajñaH sarvashAstrANAm sa mad-AsthAnam-ApnuyAt ||
> "He who is pure, a master of his senses, proficient in the Vedas and
> Vedangas, etc.,
> a knower of yoga and all shastras, can attain my rank."
> ukta-lakshaNa-sampannaH syAc cen mat-pIThabhAg bhavet |
> anyathArUDha-pITho'pi nigrahArho manIshiNAm ||
> "If one is endowed with the aforesaid characteristics,
> he becomes entitled to my Seat.
> Otherwise, even one who has ascended the Seat
> may be restrained by the wise."
> The complete maThAmnAya-stotra is to be found in the following work :
> The dashanAmI-sannyAsis
> The Integration of Ascetic Lineages into an Order
> by Matthew Clark
> In addition, the work pAramahamsya-mImAmsA, which you might know, by
> Swami Saccidanandendra Sarasvati, contains a lot of details on sannyAsa.
>  [link:
> http://www.adhyatmaprakasha.org/Books/sanskrit/s27/s27.djvu?djvuopts&zoom=pageyou will need to download djvu reader]
> Hope this will be useful to the person who was asking about sannyAsa and
> the AmnAya-pIThas.
> nArAyaNa-smaraNam,
> Swamiji

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