[Advaita-l] Anya Devata
satisharigela at yahoo.com
Tue Jul 27 00:57:20 CDT 2010
>These kind of minor divinities are called bhutas -- not evil but >annoying if
>not appeased. (bhuta is often >translated as "ghost" but this is innacurate.)
>It is in this context that Shankaracharya explains bhuta as:
>"The bhutas are Vinayakas, the hosts of Matrs, and the four sisters etc."
>Who are these Vinayakas? they are the spirits of hindrance. Ganesh Bhagavan is
>called Vinayaka because >he is their leader and controller. Similiarly Rudra is
>the chief of the 11 (or 8) Rudras and Aditya is foremost of >the 12 solar Gods
Going by above, vinAyaka of-course refers to gaNesha.
>Matragana: the worship of saptamatrka or shodashamatrka is still prevalent to
>this day. They are often >propitiated at weddings so that the bride will not be
Some names of the mAtR^ika-s might interest the person who posed this question.
Like for example vaiShNavI, nArasiMhI, vArAhI etc. Since the number mentioned is
16, technically they could be referring to both sapta mAtR^ika-s and/or the
>Chaturbhagini "the four sisters" is still a mystery to me. In the last thread
>Vidyashankara said it was a >Buddhist Tantric upasana.
chaturbhagini refers to the worship of tumburu rudra with his four sisters. Not
tumburu the divine singer.
This is a manifestation of rudra.
This tumburu rudra is four faced with three eyes in each etc and around him are
seated the four sisters. Their names being jaya vijaya, ajita and aparAjita who
are worshiped with their own bIjakShara-s etc
yogavAshiShTha also has a reference to this. This stream of shaiva tantra-s
associated with his worship is called the vAma srotas and is so called because
it emanates from the vAmadeva mukha(called umA vaktra alternately) of sadAshiva.
This should not be confused with vAmAchAra but it does have some elements of
vAmAchAra rituals. But a smArta brAhmaNa who follows the rituals of this stream
will of-course do so by editing out those objectionable vAmA elements just like
they do in the case of shrIvidyA which has similar vAmA-kaula origins.
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