[Advaita-l] Knowledge, renunciation and varNASrama rules

Vidyasankar Sundaresan svidyasankar at hotmail.com
Wed Aug 18 15:08:51 CDT 2010

> If he is a Brahmin widower he cannot perform Yajnas. If he is
> Brahmachari finished studies but not married he is a Snataka he cannot
> perform Yajnas. If he has some Vrata he cannot. If he has no Agni he
> cannot.
> For all these Anadhikrutas Adi Sankara says they can become Sanyasi.

Far from it. What you outline is exactly the pUrvapaksha of the hardcore ritualist
that is being refuted in the bhAshya. 
And pray, what is the vrata that you have in mind, which will prevent performance
of ANY yajna by a qualified yajamAna? As for a brAhmaNa widower, he cannot 
perform some kinds of yajna-s which require the living wife, but he can perform
other kinds of nitya karmA and anushThAna that only require him to be alive and
able. It is not as if the death of a wife suddenly exempts a brAhmaNa widower
from the general requirement of vairAgya and jijnAsA to justify his renunciation. 
> He gives Jabala Upanishad reference for this. The Anadhikrutas will
> not be Sudras and Stris. That is very big jump Adi Sankara is not
> making.

Where in sUtrabhAshya 3.4.20 does Sankara bhagavatpAda exclude strI and SUdra
from the category of anadhikRta?
I have written more elaborately, drawing 3.4.20 and 1.3.34-38 together, in another
post, detailing why varNa is not even brought up in 3.4.20. It is NOT because the
discussion is already restricted to brAhmaNa varNa. It is because the discussion is
about the brahmasaMstha-lakshaNa of the jnAnI and 1.3.38 has already admitted
that brahmajnAnI-s can be found among those of SUdra birth also. There is no
explicit discussion about strI-s anywhere in the sUtrabhAshya, but extending the 
general argument to cover the case of women is straightforward enough. I cited
the name of sulabhA earlier in the discussion, because Sankara bhagavatpAda has
himself mentioned her name as an example in a different context, under the yAvad
adhikAra adhikaraNa. Please think it all through very carefully.

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