[Advaita-l] Knowledge, renunciation and varNASrama rules
bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com
Fri Aug 13 01:23:32 CDT 2010
praNAms Sri Varadaraja Sharma prabhuji
I remember having read a list of brahmagnyanis (perhaps quoted by Shriman
Bhaskar) from shruti texts which included dvijas as well as non dvijas ( I
remember the name of Dharmavyada, the ‘kasai’).
> Infact, the names of dvija, non-dvija, sanyAsi-non-sanyAsi are from
shankara bhAshya...Shankara categorically says non-dvija-s like
dharmavyAdha, vidhura, nagna yOgi-s like saMvarta & vAmadeva (who
attained jnAna in his mother's womb itself) etc. are jnAni-s. From this
what we can make out is jnAna can be realized by ANY person IRRESPECTIVE
OF his/her Ashrama and jnAni can be from any Ashrama and he should not be
NECESSARILY belongs to sanyAsa Ashrama.
I read the gist of compilation of purvamimamsa as beautifully compiled by
Shriman Jayanarayanan. One of the rules I remember is the names mentioned
in shruti texts do not denote specific historical persons. But the fact
of vyaktiviseha of this vyakti being a chathurtha/panchama and being a
brahma gnyani can not be ignored even if not specifically denote a
historical person. My doubt is because of vyaktivisesha, Dharmavyada is
unadhikari for sanyasa svikaram. That being the case and shruti referring
the vyakti as brahmagnyani, by virtue of him not entitled for sanyasa
ashrama, can we still say that he can not be truly a brahma nishta?
> If we are unable to find any brahma nishTa (or jnAna nishTa) in any
other Ashrama (ofcourse as against shankara's own clarification in this
regard) then we have to say 'brahma nishTata' is an 'anga' of saNyAsa and
without saNyAsa there can be NO jnAna at all whatsoever..This is not the
case in bhAshya..For that matter to realize our true nature we need Atma
jnAna not mere karma tyAga saNyAsa...It should be remembered that 'kevala
Ashrama sveekAra' (saNyAsa in this case) would not fetch us Atma
jnAna...For mOksha we need jnAna not 'Ashrama sveekAra' tasmAd kevalAdeva
jnAnAt mOkshaH ityeshO arThaH nishchitO geetAsu sarva
upanishatsucha..clarifies shankara in geeta bhAshya and he elsewhere
further clarifies that : nApi saNyAsanAt eva kevalAt karma parityAgamAtrAt
eva jnAna rahitAt siddhiM naishkarmya lakshaNAM jnAnayOgena nishTAM
samadhigacchati na prApnOti (geeta 3-4)..So, in advaita, brahma jnAna or
brahma nishTata is not any 'ashramAdheena'.
> Having said this, I am not belittling the 'sanyAsa dharma/Ashrama' (for
that matter my parama guruji, Sri SSS took saNyAsa at the age of 65 and
recently, my brahmachAri guruji Sri ChandramouLi avadhAni took formal
saNyAsa!!) and its importance in brahma jignAsa but at the same time it is
not fair to make sweeping statements which gives us the impression that
brahma jnAna is the sole property of sanyAsa Ashrama.
Hari Hari Hari Bol!!!
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