[Advaita-l] Mithya and Maya

Sarma KV sarmakv at gmail.com
Tue Sep 1 00:01:22 CDT 2009

Dear Sri Jaldhar,

The word *mithya* doesn't mean "false." It means "transient", not constant,
not permanent, not lasting (naSvaram = bound to perish), and
not-independent. Jagat is leela.
In contrast brahma is satyam. It is not-transient. It is independent,
Sudhdham and nityam.

This is Sankara's view behind using the word "*mithya*" rather than "*
asatyam*" or some other word to mean "false."

On Mon, Aug 31, 2009 at 11:50 PM, Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>wrote:

> Rajeev Kumar who recently joined the list asked
> 1. What actually Sankaracharaya meant by Gagat Mithya and Maya ?
> Advaita Vedanta is not idealistic in the philosophical sense meaning it
> does not believe "it is all in your head"  There is an objective reality out
> there.  But what your senses perceive is not it.  This is due to Bhagavans
> power of delusion which manifests in two forms: veiling the true nature of
> things, and causing the illusion of reality to unreal things.  This avidya
> (ignorance) in a jivatma causes it to think of the world-appearance to be of
> multiplicity and its contents (including himself) to have finite beginnings
> and ends.  Jnana or knowledge is the realization that this world-appearence
> in all its names and forms is mithya (false) and only the one, eternal,
> imperishable Brahman exists.
> --
> Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>
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नगुरोरधिकं नगुरोरधिकं नगुरोरधिकं नगुरोरधिकम्।
शिवशासनतश्शिवशासनतः शिवशासनतश्शिवशासनतः ।।

Best Regards,

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