[Advaita-l] Patanjali Yoga Sutra. I.3
Jaldhar H. Vyas
jaldhar at braincells.com
Fri May 1 09:33:07 CDT 2009
On Fri, 1 May 2009, Sunil Bhattacharjya wrote:
> Sankhya sutra says that the existence of God cannot be proved. So
> Sankhya is Godless but not atheistic. Most of the Hindu scholars do not
> know this thing about Sankhya. Sankhyakarika is the shortened version of
> Sankhya sutra.
The Samkhya darshana was founded by Maharshi Kapila. The canonical text
of Samkhya was the Shashtitantra either by him or his successor
Panchashikha. Or perhaps Shashtitantra refers to 60 topics covered by
this school. Asuri and Vodhu were also two early acharyas of Samkhya.
All four may be legendary rather than historical as they are mentioned
during the nitya tarpana and other vidhis. However some quotes attributed
to them can be found in later commentaries.
The oldest extent work on Samkhya is the samkhyakarikas of Ishvarakrishna.
It claims to be an epitome of the Shashtitantra. It's importance is shown
in that it is one of the few non-Buddhist works found in the mahayana
tripithaka. Indeed one of the earliest commentaries on the karikas is
known only from a Chinese translation. The great Vachaspati Mishra,
though he commented on the sutras of other darshanas commented on the
karikas only for samkhya.
The work called Samkhyasutra is actually comparatively late. All the
commentaries on it date from the 15th century or later and reflect an
already Vedantized orientation.
Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>
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