[Advaita-l] vedastuti part 2
Jaldhar H. Vyas
jaldhar at braincells.com
Thu Sep 11 01:52:00 CDT 2008
shrI bhagavAnuvAcha |
"shrI bhagavAn [R^iShi nArAyaNa] said:"
svAyaMbhuva brahmasattraM janaloke.abhavat purA |
tatrasthAnAM mAnasAnAM munInAmUrdhvaretasAm || 9 ||
"O son of the self-born once in janaloka there was a brahmasattra
held by the mindborn and continent sages."
 svayaMbhuva i.e. brahma. nArada was His eldest son born from His mind
to assist his father in the material creation. But nArada refused seeing
saMsAra as only a cause of sorrow. So brahma got angry and cursed him to
eternally wander the worlds. nArada cheerfully took it as a blessing not
a curse but said that the curse would rebound and as a result brahma would
not be worshipped. This is why though there are multitudes of temples for
viShNu and shiva there are next to none for brahma.
 a sattra is a soma yaGYA which takes place over three or more days
where all the priests as a group take the role of yajamAna. A
brahmasattra is similiar except the topic is GYAna not karma.
 After nArada, brahma created 4 more sons from his mind, eternally
youthful sages called sanaka, sanandana, sanAtana and sanatkumAra. Like
their elder brother, they too refused to create and became sannyasis.
 Urdhvaretas = "suspending their semen" i.e. celibate.
shvetadIpaM gatavati tvayi dR^iShTuM tadIshvaram |
brahmavAdaH susaMvR^ittaH yatra sherate |
tatra hAyamabhUt prashnastvaM mAM yamanupR^ichchhasi || 10 ||
"While you had gone to shvetadipa to visit its Lord,
this same question came up in the discussion on brahman that you are
Note: this shloka has an extra line. You see such anomalies in the
bhAgavata sometimes. Many take this as proof of its archaic nature.
 the "white island" in the mahodadhi (milk ocean) where viSHNu
bhagavAn reposes after the pralaya or dissolution of one world-cycle and
before the creation begins anew.
tulyashrutatapaH shIlAstulyasvIyArimadhyamAH |
api chakruH pravachanamekaM shushruShavo.apare || 11 ||
"Although equal in tapa, learning, and conduct, and equal in their
treatment of friend, foe, and neutral they selected one as the
speaker and the rest were listeners"
 It is the hallmark of a sthitapraGYa or person of controlled intellect
that they treat all with equanimity whether friend or enemy or
 In the brahmasattra members take turns where one takes the role of
speaker (vakta) and provides a topic for discussion which the others
proceed to listen to and debate. sanandana was the speaker.
sanandana uvAcha |
svasR^iShTamidamApIya shayAnaM saha shaktibhiH |
tadante bodhayAMchakrustalli~ngaiH shrutayaH param || 12 ||
"Having withdrawn His Creation into Himself allong with his powers and
slept [after the dissolution of the universe], [Parameshvara] is woken by
the Vedas describing His distinctive features"
 shaktis. The commentator suggests this refers to the categories of
saMkhya thought such as puruSha prAkR^iti etc.
yathA shayAnaM samrAjaM bandinastatparAkramaiH |
pratyUShe.abhyetya sushlokairbodhayantyanujIvinaH || 13 ||
"as the sleeping emperor is woken each morning by his praise-singers
telling of his famous deeds so the Vedas began to wake Him."
Jaldhar H. Vyas <jaldhar at braincells.com>
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