[Advaita-l] On Sri Thaygaraja
chalam at thehindu.co.in
Fri Jun 16 08:13:50 CDT 2006
The following composition with meaning thereof will throw some light on
Tyagaraja's "closeness" to Advaita. One could say he was "close" to Advaita
on the basis that he was born into a Smarta family from Kurnool in Andhra
Pradesh, which subsequenly settled down at Tiruvarur in Tamil Nadu.
Tyagaraja's focus was on nadopasana as a means to moksa.
raagam: reeti gowLa
dvaitamu sukhamA advaitamu sukhamA
caitanyamA vinu sarvasAkSi vistAramu-gAnu delupumu nAtO
gagana pavana tapana bhuvanAdyavanilO nagadha rAja shivEndrAdi surulalO
bhagavadbhakta varAgrEsharulalO bAga ramincE tyAgarAjArcita
Which conduces to beatitude, Dvaita or Advaita ? Dvaita, which declares that
Jivaatma is different from the Paramaatma or Advaita which asserts that they
are identical ? As the Eternal Witness of cosmos, please enlighten me, Lord.
Throw light on this mystery so that I comprehend it beyond any doubt.
Supreme and Omnipresent, you are declared to be equally manifest in all the
worlds and to delight in sporting in the five elements: The Trinity, the
celestials and the cream of devotees. O worshipped by Tyagaraaja ! Do
From: advaita-l-bounces at lists.advaita-vedanta.org
[mailto:advaita-l-bounces at lists.advaita-vedanta.org]On Behalf Of Lakshmi
Sent: Thursday, June 15, 2006 11:56 PM
To: A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta
Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] On Sri Thaygaraja
Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:
-- Also, you mentioned that tyAgarAja was close to advaita. Could you
tell us more about it? I only know of his devotional songs to shrI
rAma, and was unaware that he advocated advaitic beliefs. Thanks.
To understand and study Sri Thayagaras contribution to nAda yoga, one can
spend one's lifetime. I wonder if that is sufficient.
There is nothing that he has not dealt with in his songs.
santamu lekha saukyamuledu
nAdaloludai brahmananda mandave manasa
mokshamu galada in sAramati- referring to jivanmukti
on jivanmukti- bhu janma mulaku paini jnAniyai baraguta mokshamura,
sahaja bhaktito rAgajnAnasahitudu muktudurA manasA
gItartamu sangiItanAdamu in Suruti
narajanmamejanmamu o manasA
SangItagnAnamu bhakti vinA sanmArgamu galade? manasa (in dhanyAsi)
kAyajAdi shadripulu jayinchu kAryamu delusunu, tyagarajuuniki.
I am quoting from the book "The spiritual Heritage of Tyagaraja" an
introductory thesis by Dr. Raghavan - a book worth spending time to study.
"In enduku peddalavale(shaknkarabharanam) Thyagaraja juxtaposes Veda and
sastra, Advaita jnAna and the secrets of nAda vidyA, implying thereby that a
mastery of the secrets of music confer the same summum bonum as Vedantic
knowledge and spiritual realisation gained by metaphysical pursuits."
The mistakes in my Telugu tranliteration to be pardoned.
om namo narayanya
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