[Advaita-l] YogAmRRitaM by R. Visvanatha Sastri - 15
profvk at yahoo.com
Wed Apr 27 11:59:24 CDT 2005
upadekShyanti te j~nAnaM iti satsu pravartanaM .
saMshayAshca nivartyantAM iti satsu pravartanaM .. 160 ..
AcAraH prathamo dharmaH iti satsu pravartanaM .
bhImAdayo na gaNyante iti satsu pravartanaM .. 161 ..
j~nAninA hRRidayaM vedyaM iti satsu pravartanaM .
bahirveShAnmA.astu mohaH iti satsu pravartanaM .. 162 ..
The noble ones teach the Knowledge and clear doubts.
Regulated behaviour is the first dharma. bhIma, etc. are
not of any value. The resident inside has to be known only
by a jnAni. Do not be carried away by outer glamour. Thus
may you seek the company of the noble sAtvic ones.
yAvatA svAtmani vishrAntirna bhavati tAvatA vicAraNaM
kAryameva . indriyebhyaH parA hyarthAH iti
sapta-prAkAra-madhyasthaH parameshvaro ra~NgarAjaH
koshavicAreNa vij~nAtavyaH paritaH . parItya lokAn parItya
bhUtAni parItya sarvAH pradisho dishashca iti
sarvatastadastitvameva vicArya j~nAtavyaM . dharma-mArgaM
caritreNa iti sadAcArasya abhilaShitvAt ..
Synopsis: So long as you dont see Peace in Your Self, that
long the enquiry (into the Self) has to be pursued. Recall
the saying about Sri Rama: dharma-mArgam charitreNa.
evaM turIyAdhyAyAnte tRRitIyAmArukSati .
j~nAninaH kAma-saMkalpavarjitA iti shAsanaM .. 163 ..
Thus by the end of the fourth chapter one ascends the third
step of tanu-mAnasI thinning of the mind. The wise men
are supposed to be devoid of all sankalpa, that is, wishful
yasyAM ca procjhitAsheSha-saMkalpa-kalanaH pumAn .
saMkalpanaM mano viddhi manasA nyAsa iShyate .. 164 ..
Man has to erase all such wishful thinking without any
residue whatsoever. Such fanciful thinking is purely a
mental activity. The mind has to renounce it.
mAyA sRRiShTe ca manasi pratyayAshca sahasrashaH .
vividhAH kalpanAstyaktvA mano yu~njyAcca shAntaye .. 165 ..
All these imaginations have been created by me in my own
mind. Renouncing all such imaginations, the mind has to be
yoked to the Absolute on the road to Peace.
mano nikShipya sAmye ca nirdoShe brahmaNi sthitaH .
sa brahma-yoga-yuktAtmA dhIndriyANi niyacchhati .. 166 ..
Having established the mind in that Equanimity that is
Brahman the blemishless, the yogi now yoked in brahma yoga
controls his intellect as well as the senses.
sarva-saMkalpa-saMnyAsI hyAste ca nitarAM sati .
nivAtasthita-dIpena sAmyaM prApnoti sarvathA .. 167 ..
Such a renouncer who has relinquished all imaginations
remains always like the lamp in the windless environment
and attains the Equanimous state of Peace.
cittaM niruddhaM yogena nistara~Nga samudravat .
guNAtItaH shAntamanAH ArUDhaH samadarshanaH .. 168 ..
Yoga has dammed the mind and made it like an ocean without
waves. He is the one who has transcended the gunas, with
Peace in the mind, and an equanimous view all around. He is
the one who has made the Ascent.
akhaNDabhagavadrUpe yogArUDhashca vartate .
upAyena tu vashyAtmA shabda-brahmAtivartate .. 169 ..
The Yogi who has got to the peak of yoga lives in that
conscious presence of the Infinite. Having conquered the
Self by proper means he goes beyond the shabda-brahman,
that is, the scriptural literature.
AtmAkAramano vRRittyA sarvadA sthIyate tviti .
bhUmikAtritayaM jAgrat ShaShTenaiva samApyate .. 170 ..
With his mind engulfed by the Self he stands there. Thus
the three steps of the ascent (considered as corresponding
to the waking state) are concluded in the sixth chapter of
Note: The word jAgrat is significant here. The next
(fourth) step that is going to come in shloka 171 is being
declared by the author to correspond to the dreaming
state and later on the sleep state is also coming. But
the logic, rationality or significance of this
correspondence is not clear to me: VK
tRRitIyA bhUmikA tanumAnasItyucyate .
saMkalpa-vikalpAtmakatvameva manaH . kAyena manasA buddhyA
. sarvakarmANi manasA . sAmye sthitaM manaH. yatInAM
yatacetasAM . yatendriya-manobuddhiH .
samaloShTAshma-kA~ncanaH . samabuddhirvishiShyate . ekAgraM
manaH kRRitvA . manassamyamya maccittaH . yogI
niyatamAnasaH . yadA viniyataM cittaM . yogino
yata-cittasya . AtmasamsthaM manaH kRRitvA . yato yato
nishcarati manaH . prashAnta-manasaM . caMcalaM hi manaH .
mano durnigrahaM calaM . ityAdi gItA shlokeShu
manastAnavapratipAdakeShu tRRitIyA bhUmikoddharaNaM kriyate
The third Step is tanumAnasI thinning of the mind. Mind
is nothing but resolution and perturbation. How the
thinning of the mind happens is portrayed in several gita
shlokas quoted here; V 11, 13, 19, 26, 28; VI 8, 9, 12,
14, 15, 18, 19, 25, 26, 27. 34, 35.
PraNAms to all advaitins and to my father.
Prof. V. Krishnamurthy
New on my website, particularly for beginners in Hindu philosophy:
Empire of the Mind:
Free will and Divine will - a dialogue:
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