[Advaita-l] BGBh and yoga - yama-niyama - I

Ravi Mayavaram ravi at ambaa.org
Tue Apr 19 10:40:56 CDT 2005

S Jayanarayanan wrote:

> Is the word "tapas" ever defined (as in a formal definition) in
> any of the scriptures (gItA or elsewhere), or is the meaning
> taken for granted? I personally feel the usual translation of
> "penance" does no justice to the word's true meaning.

Hi Karthik:

vyAsa bhAShya of yoga sUtra-s define tapas as "dvanda-sahanam". That is 
enduring the duals/opposites such as sukha-duHkha etc. I think gItA 
calls the same as titIxa (2-14).

To my surprise, I found that IIT Kanpur site does not have all of the 
yogasUtrabhAShya. I will send the exact line for this tomorrow.


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