[Advaita-l] Shata-shlokI of Shankara - 19, 20 of 101
profvk at yahoo.com
Wed Jun 23 06:21:06 CDT 2004
dAnaM brahmArpaNaM yat-kriyata iha nRbhiH
shraddhA-stikyaM ca satyaM sad-iti param-ataH setu-samjnaM
tat-syAt-bandhAya jantor-iti catura
tIrtvA shreyomRtam-ca shrayata iha naraH svar-gatiM
nRbhiH iha : By people, in this world,
yat : whatever
kriyate : is done
brahmArpaNaM : as an offering (dedication) to the brahman
dAnaM : is the real charity;
akrodha-samjnA : An action based on absence of anger
kshhamA : is the real patience;
AstikyaM : Beleief in the existence of the Self
shraddhA : is the real Faith;
sat : Absolute Reality
satyaM : is the real Truth.
ataH paraM : And in consequence of these (there are)
catushhkaM : four (opposites)
setu-samjnaM : in the form of barriers.
Tat syAt : That becomes
bandhAya : a bondage
jantopH : for the being.
tIrtvA : By transcending
catura imAn : these four,
dAna-pUrvaiH caturbhiH : by means of the four, starting
with dAna (gift),
naraH shrayate : man obtains
shreyaH : happiness,
amRtaM : immortality,
svargatiM : heavenward progress,
jyotir-AptiM ca : and, realisation of Light.
Note: dAnaM, kshhamA, shraddhA, satyaM are the four
pillars on which any spiritual ascent has to be built.
annaM devA-tithibhyorpitam-amRtam-idaM cAnyathA
yasch-AtmArthaM vidhatte tad-iha nigaditaM mRtyu-rUpaM hi
lokesau kevalAgho bhavati tanu-bhRtA kevalAdI ca yaH syAt
tyaktvA prANAgni-hotraM vidhivad-anudinaM yoshnute sopi
annaM : Food
arpitaM : that is dedicated
deva-atithibhyaH : to the Lord and to the guests
amRtaM : is immortal nectar.
anyathA : Otherwise,
idaM annaM : the same food
moghaM : (is) useless (i.e., in vain).
yaH : One who
vidhatte : prepares (food)
AtmArthaM : for just oneself --
Tat hi : that, indeed,
nigaditaM : has been declared as
tasya mRtyu-rUpaM : a form of his death.
Loke : In this world
tanubhRtA : among human beings
yaH kevalAghaH syAt : the person who eats by himself
kevalAdi bhavati : becomes wholly sinful;
yaH sah api : and, he too, who
ashnute anudinaM : eats daily,
tyaktvA : without performing
prANAgni-hotraM :the consecration of food to Fire of Life
vidhivat : according to prescriptions,
martyaH : remains mortal.
Note: kevalAgho bhavati kevalAdI are exact words from
the yajur-veda; probably it occurs in the other vedas also.
It is a delight to see how the Acharya dexterously, but
effortlessly, handles passages from their original vedic
PraNAms to all students of Adi Shankaracharya.
Prof. V. Krishnamurthy
My website on Science and Spirituality is http://www.geocities.com/profvk/
You can access my book on Gems from the Ocean of Hindu Thought Vision and Practice, and my father R. Visvanatha Sastri's manuscripts from the site.
Also see my webpages on Live Happily, the Gita Way at http://www.geocities.com/profvk/gohitvip/contentsbeach11.html
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