[Advaita-l] Yadhava Prakasha
venkat_advaita at rediffmail.com
Mon May 12 05:08:34 CDT 2003
It is as i am told, difficult to identify Yadhava Prkasha as an
advaitin, rather some hold him as a one belonging to the School of
Bhedabheda - identity cum difference.
be it so....coming to the point
1. His Meaning on Kapyasam, appearing in the Chandogya Upanishad,
has been commented by Bhagavan Sri Shankaracarya in the way as
shown. Kapyasam according to the Acharya is a compound. Kapi is
Monkey ( it is a Rudi - Meaning by identification and not
etimology) Asam is etymologically derived as the Nates.
Thus Kapyasam means the Nates of a monkey.
The Acharya as a true all-knower, has rightly forecasted such an
objection like that from sri ramanuja and thus has made his remark
: the comparison is not directly between God's Eyes and the Nates
of a Monkey, but the God's Eyes are like a lotus, where, for the
redness of the Lotus, the Nates of a monkey is given as an
example. Thus there is no inferior Comparison ( Hina Upamana)
Ramanuja is by no way original - see Brahma Vidya Abharanam
(Commentary on Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Sri Shankaracharya ;
published by Sanskrit Education Society, Madras) in the Anta Tat
Dharma Adhikaranam ( The immediately next to the Anandamaya
Adhikarana) in the I Adhyaya, wherein, the Writer clearly shows
the School running in this line. In fact, the Acharya might have
been aware of this school, but he did not approve it, as so took
the other school.
That the Ramanuja's stand is not correct
- grammatically - is well proved in the manual kapyasa koumudi
published in Sanskrit way back in the early 20th Century from
South Tamil Nadu.
- by alankara and other niyamas also,is well shown in the
commentary Brahma Vidya Abaranam.
Also, see how the issue is captionised by Pranthiyangarai Sri
Subrahmanya Shastrigal in his footnotes to the Mahesh Reasearch
Institute Publication, Varanasi. (Chandogya Upanishad Bhasya
On Mon, 12 May 2003 bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com wrote :
>With the kind permission of Sri Jaldhar prabhuji, I am passing
> following web page info. for the kind clarification
> learned members of this list. Kindly pardon me if
> outside the scope of list activities.
>Hari Hari Hari Bol!!
>Yadavaprakasha was such a rigid Advaitin, that he would not
>God with form. Unlike Shankaracharya, he would not even regard
>universe as a maya. To him it was totally insignificant.
>Ramanuja humbly, but firmly disagreed with Yadava Prakasha on
>interpretation of one of the rather confusing mantra from the
>Upanishad. The mantra was "tasya yatha kapyasam
>Even it seems Shankaracharya interpreted the meaning of
>"nates of a monkey".
>Yadavaprakasha explained the passage as follows:
>'The two eyes of that golden Purusha are like two lotuses which
>the nates of a monkey." Hearing this interpretation, tears
>the corners of Ramanuja's eyes likes flames of fire and fell on
>Yadavaprakasha. Yadava understood that something troubled his
>Ramanuja. When asked for the cause of his anguish, Ramanuja
>answered, " Revered Sir, from the mouth of a wise person like
>expected to hear the comparison of the eyes of the Supreme
>posterior of a monkey."
>yadava considered this as a display of arrogance by Ramanuja
>him to give his interpretation. Ramanuja proceeded to give
>interpretation of Kapyasam, the troublesome word in the mantra.
>Kapih= Kam jalam pibatiti Kapih: he who drinks water= Suryah,
>Thus, Kapyasam=Sun blossomed or blossomed by the Sun
>Now the mantra he translated as : The eyes of the golden Purusha
>lovely as the lotuses blossomed by the rays of the Sun. Hearing
>said that it is not a direct meaning but only a derived
>Nevertheless, he recognized the skill of his student.
>The trend continued. One of the famous Upanishadic mahavakyas
>anantam Brahma" was interpreted by Yadava as Brahman is truth,
>Ramanuja, again disagreed with Yadava and interpreted it as
>endowed with the quality of truth, intelligence and infinitude.
>It is not
>correct to hold that all these qualities are He Himself. These
>His, but not He, just as the body is mine, I am not the body.
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