saguNa and nirguNa are the same
anandhudli at HOTMAIL.COM
Mon Nov 8 13:52:39 CST 1999
(The Identity of saguNa and nirguNa brahman)
From: prabodhasudhAkara of Shankara
The following verses show the identity of Brahman with attributes
and the Brahman without attributes.
shrutibhirmahApurANaiH saguNaguNAtItayoraikyam.h |
yatproktaM gUDhatayA tadahaM vaxye .ativishadArtham.h ||
I will explain very clearly the identity of (Brahman) with
attributes and (Brahman) beyond attributes that is revealed
secretly in the Vedas and in the great purANas.
bhUteshhvantaryAmI GYAnamayaH sachchidAnandaH |
prakR^iteH paraH parAtmA yadukulatilakaH sa evAyam.h ||
This Krishna, the chief of the Yadus, is exactly the Supreme
Self, the Inner controller of all beings, full of knowledge,
Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, and beyond prakR^iti (mAyA).
(prakR^iti is mAyA as per "mAyAM tu prakR^itiM vidyAn.h mAyinaM tu
maheshvaram.h", shvet. up.).
An objection or doubt can be raised:
nanu saguNo dR^ishyatanustathaikadeshAdhivAsashcha |
sa kathaM bhavetparAtmA prAkR^itavadrAgroshhayutaH ||
Now, how can one with attributes, with a perceptible body and
residing in one place, be the Supreme Self (of all)? (Moreover,)
when He (Krishna) possesses passion and anger just like any
itare dR^ishyapadArthA laxyante .anena chaxushhA sarve |
bhagavAnanayA dR^ishhTyA na laxyate GYAnadR^iggamyaH ||
BhagavAn is not seen by this (ordinary) vision but by the eye of
jnAna. Other perceptible objects are all seen through Him.
yadvishvarUpadarshanasamaye pArthAya dattavAnbhagavAn.h |
divyaM chaxustasmAdadR^ishyatA yujyate nR^iharau ||
Since the Lord gave arjuna divine vision at the time of the
vishvarUpa-darshana (gItA chapter 11), therefore it is appropriate
that Lord narahari is not visible (except to the divine eye).
sAxAdyathaikadeshe vartulamupalabhyate raverbiMbam.h |
vishvaM prakAshayati tatsarvaiH sarvatra dR^ishyate yugapat.h ||
Just as the sun is directly seen to be circular in one place,
(although the sun) illuminates the world and is seen simultaneously
by everyone everywhere (on the illuminated side of the earth),
yadyapi sAkAro. ayaM tathaikadeshI vibhAti yadunAthaH |
sarvagataH sarvAtmA tathApyayaM sachchidAnandaH ||
(so also) this Krishna, the Lord of the Yadus, is present everywhere,
as the Self of all and Existence-consciousness-Bliss, although He appears
to be with form and as residing in one place.
Shankara gives more examples:
eko bhagavAn.h reme yugapadgopIshhvanekAsu |
athavA videhajanakashrutadevabhUdevayorhariryugapat.h ||
The one bhagavAn sported with many gopI's simultaneously. Or,
He was with King Janaka of Videha and the brAhmaNa shrutadeva
athavA kR^ishhNAkArAM svachamUM duryodhano .apashyat.h |
tasmAdvyApaka AtmA bhagavAnharirIshvaraH kR^ishhNaH ||
(Yet another example.) Or, duryodhana saw his entire army in
the form of Krishna, (ie. he saw only Krishna everywhere in his army).
Therefore, Krishna, bhagavAn Hari, the Lord is (surely) the all
vaxasi yadA jaghAna shrIvatsaH shrIpateH sa kiM dveshhyaH |
bhaktAnAmasurANAmanyeshhAM vA phalaM sadR^isham.h ||
Did shrIvatsa become an enemy of laxmI's Lord when he struck Him
on the chest? (No.) The fruit obtained by devotees, demons, and
those who are indifferent to Him is similar.
tasmAnna ko.api shatrurno mitraM nApyudAsInaH |
nR^ihariH sanmArgasthaH saphalaH shAkhIva yadunAthaH ||
Therefore, no one is an enemy nor a friend, nor even an indifferent
(stranger) to Hari. bhagavAn narahari is like a tree full of fruits
standing on a good path. (He offers the same fruit to everyone who
approaches Him just as the tree offers its shade and fruits to
all travelers without discrimination.)
bhava shankara deshikame sharaNam
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