Vaidya N. Sundaram sundaram at ECN.PURDUE.EDU
Wed Jun 24 23:39:46 CDT 1998

 sa.nnyasya sarvakarmaaNi bhavabandhavimuktaye .
 yatyataaM paNDitairdhiirairaatmaabhyaasa upasthitaiH

 For release from the bonds of samsAra, let the wise brave ones strive
with unceasing cultivation of the knowledge of their Atman having
renounced all karmas.

(This verse is a sort of elaboration of verse 9 where Sri bhagavatpAda
deals with the characteristics of being a yogArudha, and in this verse
deals with the means to attain the state of samyagdarshananisthA, namely
sravana, manana, and nididhyAsana which must be practiced after one has
adopted the samnyAsa-Ashrama.)

 sarvakarmAni samnyasya means completely giving up all karmas mentioned in
the karma kAnda of the Vedas (that is the desire for the fruits of the
karma and also the karma itself is to be given up).

 bhavabandhavimuktaye: to be firmly established in samyagdarshana which
is the meas for the disentanglement from samsAra.

 panditaih: by those who have acquired paroksajn~ana i.e, knowlegde from
the sacred books and from a teacher about the nature of the Atman.

 dhIraih: : by those whose mind is under control. Vide the sruti:
'parAn~ci khAni vyatrnat svayambhuh tasmAt parAn pasyati nAntarAtman |
kascit dhIrah pratyagAtmAnamaiksat Avrttacaksuramrtatvamicchan ||' (Katha)
"Brahma created the sense organs so as to go out. Hence a man sees only
outward without training his eyes towards the antarAtman. A rare dhIra,
desiring immortality, turning his eyes inward, saw the antarAtman, in the
inner most recess of himself." A person is called dhIrah because he
controls his 'dhIh' (the buddhi). When in midst of the sthula and the
suukshma, and one controls the buddhi, the control of the other sense
organs is self evident.
 By this is implied that one must be endowed with sAnti (mind control) and
other virtues (like sense control, detachment and enduring of opposites
without extraneous aids, and faith). Hence in respect of AtmAbhyAsa or
practice of mind-control, Sri VidyAranya SvAmin has enumerated the
following as the means: (Always) Thinking about it, speaking about it,
conveying it to each other, being intent on it only is said by the wise to
be the mark of BrahmAbhyAsa. (Panchadasi)
 This means that without involvement in any other activity, the words of
the upanishads should be carefully listened to when taught by a competent
teacher, their meaning should be meditated on and the same should be
expounded to others. Ideas contrary to the nature should not clud the
understanding and there must be a continuous flow of accordant ideas.
Such a mental process is called by the wise as nididhyAsana. By this
single minded process, giving up all external stimuli, absolute detachment
is attained by a person.

                      Vaidya N. Sundaram
 Kandavar Vindilar      : Those who have seen (Brahman) have not spoken
  Vindavar Kandilar     :   those who speak (about It) have not seen (It)
    satyakAma, satyasaMkalpa, Apatsakha, kAkutsa, shrIman nArAyaNa
        puruShottaMa, shrI ranganAtha, mama nAtha, namostute.

More information about the Advaita-l mailing list