# [Advaita-l] shivaraatri dates this year

Anand Hudli anandhudli at hotmail.com
Thu Feb 1 11:56:46 EST 2018

Correction:

"The nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the night (i.e.
from sunset to sunset the next day) into 15 parts and taking the eighth
such part."
should read- "The nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the
night (i.e. from sunset to *sunrise* the next day) into 15 parts and taking
the eighth such part."

Anand

On Thu, Feb 1, 2018 at 10:18 PM, Anand Hudli <anandhudli at hotmail.com> wrote:

> >The kanchi mutt is following the कालमाधवीयं and sriCngeri mutt is
> following धर्मसिन्धु...
>
> >Former is celebrating on 14th and the later on 13th !!
>
> Dear Shri Sriramji,
>
> I looked at both the (Kannada) Sringeri and (Telugu version) Kanchi Matha
> Panchangas. First of all, the tithi ending times are telling us that
> Sringeri uses (the ancient) Surya Siddhanta method of determining tithi
> ending times, while Kanchi uses dRg-gaNita. The starting and ending time
> for Chaturdashi tithi are 1) 10:15 PM on Feb 13 and 12:11 AM on Feb 15 as
> per Surya siddhAnta and 2) 10:34 PM on Feb 13 and 12:46 AM on Feb 15 as per
> dRg-gaNita. Now, the rule for mahAshivarAtri states that Chaturdashi should
> prevail during the nishItha kAla of the day when we observe it. The
> nishItha kAla is obtained by dividing the duration of the night (i.e. from
> sunset to sunset the next day) into 15 parts and taking the eighth such
> part. The sunset times at Sringeri and Kanchi differ too, since Sringeri
> sunset is at 6:33 PM and Kanchi sunset is at 6:16 PM. Taking the duration
> of the night as approximately 12 hours (this is sufficient for this
> instance, although the actual duration of night is slightly more than 12
> hours), each 1/15 part of the night is 48 minutes, which is, by the way,
> the duration of a muhUrta. The eighth such part (nishItha kAla) starts 5
> hours 36 minutes after sunset. In Sringeri, this would be 12:09 AM on Feb
> 14 and in Kanchi it would be 11:52 PM on Feb 13. On the next day, the start
> of nishItha kAla is about the same in the two places. The ending time for
> the nishItha kAla would be 12:57 AM on Feb 14 in Sringeri and 12:40 AM on
> Feb 14 in Kanchi. The interesting point to note is that the vyApti of
> Chaturdashi is kArtsnyena (complete, as dharmasindhu puts it) in Sringeri
> on Feb 13-14 night and ekadeshena (partially) on Feb 14-15 night as per
> Sringeri's method, ie. sUrya siddhAnta. When this happens, the rule for
> shivarAtri states that the first night, i.e. Feb 13-14, should be selected
> for observing shivarAtri (paredyuH nishItha-ekadesha-vyAptau pUrvedyuH
> saMpUrNatadvyAptau pUrvaiva). Hence Feb 13-14 is the shivarAtri date for
> Sringeri. The same would have been the case for Kanchi, had it not been for
> the dRg-gaNita method which makes the ending time of Chaturdashi 12:46 AM,
> beyond the ending of nishItha kAla at 12:40 AM. As an interesting twist,
> there is not ekadesha-vyApti but saMpUrNa-vyApti even on the second night,
> i.e. Feb 14-15 *and* saMpUrNa-vyApti on the first night , i.e. Feb 13-14 in
> Kanchi! When this happens, another rule applies which says the majority of
> the dharmashAstra-kAras recommend the second night, i.e. Feb 14-15 in this