[Advaita-l] 1st rik of vAk sUktaM with sAyaNA's commentary
Venkata sriram P
venkatasriramp at yahoo.in
Sat Oct 12 14:20:38 CDT 2013
Thought of sharing a sublime truth during the auspicious moments of
navarAtri which is from the vAk sUtaM also called dEvi sUktaM
from Rg Veda (10.125).
This sUkta is regularly chanted by dEvi upAsakAs
which is also mandatory during the pArAyaNa
of dEvi mAhAtmyam / chaNDi sapthasathi.
The seer is the female rishi by name “vAk AmbhriNi” and
hence this sUkta is also called as “vAk AmbhriNi sUktaM”.
Interestingly, in the 1st rik of this sUkta, Sri sAyaNa while
commenting on this, touches the adhyAsa tattva where
the perception of world is compared with the wrong
cognition of “shukti” (oyster shell) as “rajata” (silver).
The 1st mantra:
ahaM rudrEbhirvasubhischarAmyaha mAdtiyairutavishwa dEvaiH /
ahaM mitrA varuNO bhA bibharmyahaM indrAgni ashwinObhA //
ahaM – sUktasya draSTrI vAk AmbhriNI yadbrahma
jagatkAraNaM tadrUpA bhavati. rudraikAdashabhiH
tadAtmanA charAmi. EvaM vasubhirityAdau tattadAtmanA
charAmIti yOjyaM. tathA mitrA varuNA – mitraM cha
varuNaM cha. ubhA – ubhAvahamEva brahmIbhUtA.
bibharmi – dhArayAmi . indrAgni apyahamEva
dhArayAmi . ubhA – ubhau, ashwinau – ashwinAvapyahamEva
dhArayAmi . maihi sarvaM jagat shuktau rajataM iva
adhyAstayaddrushyatE / mAyA cha jagadAkArENa
vivartatE. tAdrushyAmAyAyA AdhAratvEnA sanga
syApi brahmaNa utkrAmya
The female vedic seer “vAk AmbhriNi” after attaining
the Oneness with the Supreme Absolute Being expresses
Her ecstatic state of realization in the form of a
sUkta called “vAk sUktaM”. The 1st mantra itself
takes off with the highest sublime truths of Advaita
which speaks of illusoriness of the creation.
Sri Sayanacharya says:
“I, the Seer of the Mantra and also the adhiSTAna
dEvata of vAk, that which is brahman and cause of creation,
move about with 11 rudras and 12 adityas and vishwEdEvatAs.
I hold in Me, the pair of Mitra-Varuna; Indra-Agni; twin deities as aswini.
Thus, saying so, comments as:
In Me is the entire creation which is perceived by
Me just as the Silver (rajata) is superimposed on the
Oyster Shell (shukti). The Maya is getting transformed
as cause of the Universe. With the help of such Maya,
the Creation takes place by surpassing / overstepping
the Brahman who remains unattached.
shubha vijaya dashami...
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