[Advaita-l] The number of Vedas - three or four
sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com
Sun Jan 13 13:33:08 CST 2013
The confusion occurred whenpeople forgot that prior to division of the Vedas into four all the four Vedas and the fifth Veda together made only one Veda and that was called only Yajurveda. This is given in the Vayu purana, though I do not have the ready reference at this time. In the pre-division times (such as in the Ramayana times) the three vedas were referred to only to mean the portion with the respective Rig mantras, the Sama mantras and the Yajus mantras.
While dividing the Vedas by Vedavysa together with his four disciples they separated the Atharva Veda. Further the Atharva Veda differs from the other three vedas in the sense that it is not related to any yajna rituals.
From: Swami Sarvabhutananda <swami.sarvabhutananda at gmail.com>
To: Siva Senani Nori <sivasenani at yahoo.com>; A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org>
Sent: Sunday, January 13, 2013 7:43 AM
Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] The number of Vedas - three or four
APPROPRIATE INFORMATION REG.ATHARVA VEDA>
On Sun, Jan 13, 2013 at 5:26 AM, Siva Senani Nori <sivasenani at yahoo.com>wrote:
> In another thread, the argument that there were only three Vedas
> initially, as exemplified by numerous utterances, and the Atharvana Veda
> has been 'added' later has been mentioned.
> The utterances about Rigyajussaama are numerous (even in Ramayana, in
> Aditya Hridayam) as is the word trayeevidyaa (for Vedas), or even plain
> trayee. If Atharva(na) Veda were a later addition, its PramaaNyataa and in
> its wake, that of the entire Veda comes into question.
> I had asked one scholar Br. Sri. Vedamurtulu Kuppa Siva
> Subrahmanyaavadhaani garu three or four years back, when he was the
> principal of the VedapaaThaSaala at Keesaragutta, Hyderabad (run by
> Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam) when he spoke on a related topic at Sanskrit
> Academy, Hyderabad and his answer was that there are three kinds of Vedic
> mantras - Rik, Saaman and Yajus. The first one is the name given to mantras
> whose primary characteristic is eulogy or praise; the second, to the those
> whose primary characteristic is that they are sung; and the, third to those
> which are employed in a Yajna. Whenever reference is made to the 'three',
> it is to be understood as reference to the type of Vedamantras. Each Veda
> may have mantras of any one type or more. The Atharva Veda primarily
> consists on Riks.
> N. Siva Senani
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