[Advaita-l] Fw: [advaitin] Re: regarding karma yoga
sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com
Sat Jun 30 14:31:35 CDT 2012
For favor of comments by the esteemed friends.
----- Forwarded Message -----
From: Sunil Bhattacharjya <sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com>
To: "advaitin at yahoogroups.com" <advaitin at yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2012 9:36 PM
Subject: Re: [advaitin] Re: regarding karma yoga
Thank you for the detailed definition of these words. It is said in English that an Ounce of practice is worth a Ton of theory. so kindly permit me to supplement your excellent definitions with an excellent practical example. Lord Krishna gave the Bhagavad Gita discourse at Kurukshetra. We know that one, who remembers all the verses of the Bhagavad Gita, can recite it in about one hour. Actual conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna could have taken even less than one hour. Before the war started Arjuna wanted to have a look at the people he was going to fight and Lord Krishna took the Chariot to the middle of the war zone so that Arjuna could see both the warring parties. After the discourse was over Arjuna was looking at Yudhisthira and found that Yudhisthira was preparing to go to the elders Bhishma and Drona to seek permission to start the war and then Arjuna also joined Yudhisthira for that. That confirms that the discourse indeed lasted only
a short time. It is another thing many eminent scholars wondered how Lord Krishna could have given a discourse in the battle field. They might not have read the Mahabharata properly because in addition to what I said above there was also an agreement between the Kauravas and the Pandavas before the war. According to that agreement no unarmed warrior could be attacked and Lord Krishna started his discourse only after Arjuna laid down his arms and this is given in the last verse of the first chapter of the Bhagavad Gita. The discourse started only from the second chapter, so also Adi Sankaracharya's commentary on the Bhagavad Gita starts from the second chapter.
Now coming to the topic of Shravana, Manana and NidhidhyAsana let us look at Arjuna's getting the Gita-Jnana by listening to the Lord for less than one hours and he did the Manana so that he could ask so many questions for clarification of his doubts and with the Jnana he could take a decision when the Lord asked what had decided to do. This I consider as probably the best example of one becoming Jnani through Shravana, Manana and NidhidhyAsana. Lord Krishna also said in the Bhagavad Gita that the Sthita prajna / Shthiraprjana is one who is in Samadhi, one who is in Dhyana. one who is in Dharana and one who is in Pratyahara or in one word who is in NidhidhyAsana. Arjuna could not keep up with the last requirement and that is why he had to approach the Lord for a second round of discourse and the Lord obliged him indirectly through the Anugita.
From: Venkata Sriram <sriram_sapthasathi at yahoo.co.in>
To: advaitin at yahoogroups.com
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2012 12:20 PM
Subject: [advaitin] Re: regarding karma yoga
Shravana does result in Jnana. Manana is not just contemplating only once and understanding what one learns
--- In advaitin at yahoogroups.com, Sunil Bhattacharjya
brahmAtmanOH Ekatva nishchAyakaiH upakrama-upasaMhArAdibhiH shaDvidha lingaiH sarvEshAM vEdAntavAkyAnAM advaitE brahmaNi tAtparyavidhAraNaM
*shravaNam* iti arthaH
ie., listening to upanishads & vedanta vakyas with the help of 6 aspects ie., 1) upakrama & upasaMhAra 2) abhyAsa 3) apUrvata 4) phala 5) arthavAda 6) upapatti and intellectually arriving at the conclusion regarding the brahma vastu is called shravaNa.
shaDvidhalingatAtparyajnAnapUrvakaM vEdAnta(a)avirOdhinIbhiH *yuktibhiH pUrvashrutasya advitIya brahmaNaH nirantaraM anuchintanaM* mananaM iti arthaH
Here the emphasis is on yukti (logic) & anuchitana (uninterrupted flow meditation)
vijAtIya dEhAdibuddhyanta jaDa padArthESu tad abhinnatA nirAkaraNapUrvakaM sarvatrA(a)advitIyabrahmaikyapratyaya pravAhIkaraNaM nidhidhyAsanaM iti arthaH
Rejecting the bhAvAs that arise with respect to one's physical & subtle body ie., the vijAtIya bhAvAs w.r.t jaDa padArtha and contemplating on the sajAtIya bhAvAs w.r.t advItIya brahma vastu is called nidhidhyAsana.
Only then jnAna follows.
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