[Advaita-l] Om in the Vedas
Venkata sriram P
venkatasriramp at yahoo.in
Sat Jan 14 06:20:06 CST 2012
I think the elders who were arguing about the non-reference of
praNava are not aware of sastra(stuti) mantras in rg veda.
During the invocation of devatas (dEvatAvhAna), the shastra (stOtra)
rUpa riks that are chanted again and again (navIyasIM navatarAM
punaH punaH) is of the form of praNava only.
praNUyatE prastUyatE iti praNavaH
The devata who receives the stuti which is nitya-nUtana, such a
nNitya-nUtana pra-sastra(stuti) is called pra-Nava.
Rg veda mantras say :
navya matakShadbrahma hariyOjanAya
hariyOjanAya indrAya navyaM nUtanaM brahma
EtatsUkta rUpaM stOtraM atakShat akarOt
In yajna karmas also, the dEvata stuti which ends with
O-kAra having 3 mAtrAs is taken to be praNava only.
apAM rEtAMsi jinva tOjaM
dEvAn jigAti sumnayOjaM
In the above mantra, O-kAra is considered to be praNava only and the
Pramana is “yajnakarmaNi Teh praNavaH AdEsO bhavati”
Moreover, it is understood by shrauta ritualists that in karma kANDa,
the dEvata stuti (dEvata satra) is implicitly called “praNava”
and exclusively praNava neednot be mentioned “praNavaiH
sastrANAM rUpaM” mentions the vAjasanEya saMhita.
Like this, the dEvata who is extolled in vedas again and again
Is said to be praNava-swarUpa (punaH punaH prastUyatE &
Such a dEvata in rg veda is said to be “sadA navaH” (3-11).
Such a dEvata in rg veda is said be nityayA (vAchA virUpa nityayA).
Such a dEvata who is sadA navaH & extolled again and again (punaH
punaH prastUyatE) is praNava-vAchya (tasya vAchakaH praNavaH).
Rg veda says:
indraH navIyAn navataraH kalyANaH stutyaH (6-44-7)
ukthaiH sastraiH navya stutyO yaH indraH (1-61-13)
namasA navyO arkaiH (1-92-11)
For the above mantra, sAyaNAchArya writes:
hE indra arakaiH sashtrarUpaiH mantraiH namasA namaskArENa
yaH tvaM navyaH stutyO bhavasi
Which implies that the dEvata who is extolled again and again
(nUyatE stUyatE iti navaH) is symbolically represented with
pra-Nava (nUyatE stUyatE iti navaH ---Nu stutau).
Moreover, the niruktkAra yAska while commenting on the
Mantra “richO akSharE paramE vyOman” says that this mantra
Points towards the praNava only.
The famous mantra of Rg Veda ie.,
“chatvArivAkparimitA padAni tAni vidurbrAhmaNA ...”
points towards praNava only.
So, from this it is evident from pra-Nava is not
incorporated in later stage during karma-kANDa
but also implicit in Rg Veda mantras in the form of
dEvata stuti “praNavaiH sastrANAM
More information about the Advaita-l mailing list