[Advaita-l] apaurusheyatva of veda-s
Venkata sriram P
venkatasriramp at yahoo.in
Sat Aug 20 03:36:02 CDT 2011
I think the example of Newton's law was a poor comparision.
do you mean to say only 'tattva' behind maNtra is anAdi &
apaurusheya but the wordings which are explaining that tattva
In short, what exactly we call as apaurusheya
The rishis are called draShTAs because the vyutpatti says "riShir darShanAt".
Now, what happens during the mantra darshana is that the rishis during
the antarmukha avastha are in "communion with parA nAda / vAk".
It is this parA nAda avastha which EXISTS in chinmaya sthiti.
So, when the seers are in communion with parA vAk, the
mantra chaitanya that is "revealed" comes out spontaneously
from the Seers who are just the medium. This parA vAk gets
converted to pashyanti, madhyama and comes out
as vaikhari. Thus we hear only the vaikhari nAda which are combinations
of matrika varnamala. So, the inspiration of the Seer
which is beyond the comprehension of purusha buddhi is "apaursheya".
Since the parA vAk is nitya and eternal, the vaikhari is also eternal
which is also called "tapOja".
Where as rest of the works are not revealed in antarmukha avastha through
parA vAk and hence "paursheya".
This is the case with veda mantra & brAhmaNa bhAga.
Now, if we take the case of AraNyaka / upaniShad bhAga, there are the dialogues
between the Seer (Acharya) & Disciple and there are also the mention of human
relationships. But Sampradya says that Upanishad is also "shruti" which is
apaursheya. In what way? Because, the upanishad-pratipAdya tattva is
apaursheya. We have no other option than believing in "sabda nityatva vada"
because it is the only pramANa to know the unknown.
Here is the opinion of another learned friend of mine:
Then they drift towards a debate I had last night. What does a modern Hindu
know about the shruti. Many modern Hindus give the highest place to shruti in their
epistemology. But are they aware what is actually in the shruti? They would
normally tell you that the shruti is apauruSheya: that is it has no human origin,
and was there from the begining of time. They also hold the shruti as something
that is beyond question, but proof in itself. This same class of Hindus often also
believe that the shruti advocates vegetarianism (I am not against vegetarianism at all)
and never had anything to do with sacrificial offerings of meat. They also recognize
a difference between the so called “karma kANDa” and the upaniShads
within the shruti. But is this what the shruti itself tell us?
Certainly not. The human composers of the shruti were quite clear about their
copyright and ensured that at least in part their compositions are not separated
form their names. The shruti is also a collection text of a particular assemblage
of individuals within a large ethnic group. What is apauruSheya then? One can
say that the inspiration which drove the shruti poets to fashion their poems
was the apauruSheya element, while the words themselves are not.
This brings us to the major question: why do modern Hindus,
while according high respect to the shruti, fail to understand what is in it?
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