[Advaita-l] Musings on the Fundamentals of Hinduism
anbesivam2 at gmail.com
Tue Sep 1 17:31:40 CDT 2009
Once Prajapathi went to his father and asked him. "Father, I want to know
how you created the Universe. I see all fathers teach their sons their
trade, so I want you to teach me this". Brahma said, "I am the whole
universe. By knowing me you will know the universe." Saying so he
• Prajapathi surveyed the creation that consisted of this world, the middle
region and the heaven. He brooded over his father's words and said "All I
have is this creation before me and if I know the essence of this creation,
then I would know my father." So saying he looked at Prithvi, this earth.
The earth is dark and could not be seen but for the fire in it. So he
discerned that Agni to be the essence of the earth, as but for the Agni the
earth will not be important. Prajapathi therefore extracted Agni as the
essence of the earth.
• Then he turned his attention a little higher. He saw the space called the
Anthariksham or the middle region. There was thunder and lightening, there
was so much noise and movement of the manes, the dead ancestors. The noise
and motion is indicative of their unease and fear of having lost their dear
ones and their restlessness to get back to them. These were possible by the
air or Vayu (as one would observe in Vayu’s motion a eerie noise of fear).
Prajapathi knew Vayu as the essence of space and extracted it.
• Then he turned his attention higher and looked at Dhyau the heaven. It was
bright and in its midst the Sun was shining brilliantly. He knew the Sun or
Aadhithya to be the essence of the Heaven and extracted it.
Prajapathi brooded over these three gods - Agni, Vayu and Adhithya.
• As he fixed his attention on Agni, he saw Brahmanas were pouring their
oblation on Agni "Saying the Rigvedhic Manthra "Agnimeele Purohitham." He
knew that Rigvedha as the essense of Agni and extracted it.
• And he looked at Vayu and saw the Yajur Veda and its Brahmana held Vayu in
place and so Prajapathi extracted Yajur Veda as its essence. (The Yajur Veda
Brahmanas are essential parts of karma kaanda).
• And Prajapathi turned his attention to Adhithya. The Sun was shining
brilliantly because it was chanting Utgitha (OM) and realised that
Sama Vedathat teaches Utgitha to be the essence of Adhithya and
Now Prajapathi brooded over these three Vedas.
• As he brooded over the Rig Veda, he realised that the great utterance,
"BHUHU" brought about the Rig Veda and so he extracted Bhu as its essence.
(Bhu is also indicative of its future effect the earth, Prithvi).
• Then as be brooded over Yajur Veda and realised that the great utterance
"Bhuvaha" brought about the Yajur Veda and extracted Bhuvaha as the essence
of Yajur Veda. (Bhuvaha is the praana. Bhuvarlokam is a place where the
praanas that have left the bodies get collected).
• As be brooded over the Sama Veda, Prajapathi realised that the great
utterance "Swaha" brought about the Sama Veda and and extracted "Swaha" as
the essence of Sama Veda. (Swaha is indicative of the Self which is
self-luminous. One needs no other light to know one’s own self).
Now Prajapathi was left with these three Vyahrthis (or great utterances) as
the essense of all that he has brooded over. Yet he was still nowhere near
knowing his father or how he created the universe.
• So he brooded on these three Vyahrthis. He found that the essence of Bhuhu
was the Thamasa Guna, and he extracted it. (Thamasa Guna is indicative of
darkness, ignorance and needed the light of Agni to be known).
• He found out that the essence of Bhuvaha is the Rajo Guna and extracted
it. (Bhuvaha is indicative of the motion of praana represented by Vayu).
• And he found out that the essence of Swaha is the Sathva Guna and
And As soon as he had extracted all the three gunas, he found himself
enveloped by them and this thrigunas became his upadhi or conditioning and
instantly he found himself to be one with his father Brahma. The entire art
and scheme of creation was instantly known to Prajapathi as he now found
himself to be the entire creation. (The manthra – Bhu swaaha, agnaye idam na
mama; Bhuva swaaha vayave idam na mama; Suva swaaha Sooryaayai idam na mama;
Bhurbhuvaswa swaaha Prajaapathyai idam na mama should be understood as
The three gunas thus pervade the whole universe and Brahman is its support.
There is nothing in the universe that is exempt from the play of the gunas.
This is the truth. This is the truth.
Sri Gurubyo Namaha
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