[Advaita-l] saMnyAsa and brAhmaNas (was RE: Fw: Re: waking, dreaming, sleeping as mutually supportive)
michael at shepherd87.fsnet.co.uk
Tue Oct 27 06:57:45 CDT 2009
Thank you, that's very clear. But which ashrama is the one for sudra ? If
it's householder, then labour is incidental for the sudra. If it's
brahmacharya, then does that widen the sense of that ashrama for all varna ?
Or is it to be taken simply as 'learning to do one's divinely allotted job
From: advaita-l-bounces at lists.advaita-vedanta.org
[mailto:advaita-l-bounces at lists.advaita-vedanta.org]On Behalf Of Anand
Sent: 27 October 2009 04:34
To: advaita advaita
Subject: [Advaita-l] saMnyAsa and brAhmaNas (was RE: Fw: Re: waking,
dreaming, sleeping as mutually supportive)
The dharma shAstra texts attempt to reconcile the two positions - saMnyAsa
is meant for
brAhmaNas alone and saMnyAsa can be taken up by kShatriyas and vaishyas
First there is a jAbAlashruti statement, "brAhmaNAH pravrajanti".
Next, Manu smR^iti says, "Atmani-agnInsamAropya brAhmaNaH
VijnAneshvara and other authors too agree with this.
VR^iddhayAjnavalkya says, "chatvAro brAhmaNasyoktA AshramAH shrutichoditAH
kShatriyasya trayaH proktA dvAveko vaishyashUdrayoH", meaning four ashramas
prescribed by the shruti for brAhmaNas, three for KShatriyas, two for
vaishyas, and one
However, mAdhava quotes the kUrma purANa statement, "brAhmaNaH kShatriyo vA
vaishyo vA pravrajed-gR^ihAd", whereby those from the three varNas are
eligible to take
The nirNaya sindhu of kamalAkara bhaTTa reconciles these statements as
The earlier statements that speak of only brAhmaNas are meant to prohibit
of signs of saMnyAsa such as the kAShAya vastra (ochre robe) and daNDa by
kShatriyas and vaishyas.
In support of this, the nirNaya sindhu quotes a BaudhAyana statement,
dharmo yadviShNorliN^ga-dhAraNam.h rAjanya-vaishyayorneti
The dharma of wearing of signs of ViShNu belongs to brAhmaNas, not to
vaishyas. Thus says dattAtreya muni.
The nirNaya-sindhu concludes by saying, "tattvaM tu kuTichakAdiparametat.h",
kSahtriyas and vaishyas are not to take up kuTichaka, bahudaka, haMsa, and
haMsa forms of saMnyAsa.
The author of dharma sindhu, kAshInAtha upAdhyAya, closely following the
concludes, "daNDagrahANAdirUpe vividiShAkhye viprasyaivAdhikAraH,
kShatriyavaishyayorapi", meaning the eligibility for vividiShA saMnyasa
acceptance of such signs as the staff (as in stick, not support staff !), is
the brAhmaNa alone. KShatriyas and vaishyas are eligible for
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