[Advaita-l] shankara in bruhadAraNyaka on 'saNyAsa'
sunil_bhattacharjya at yahoo.com
Thu Oct 8 06:17:38 CDT 2009
When we talk about Janaka we should bear in mind that in the Bhagavad Gita (3.20) Lord Krishna said that through action alone Janaka did Siddhi-labh ie. achieved Perfection. This, to my mind, means that Janaka had ended up doing only Niskaama Karma and thus he achieved Sannyasa without taking to Sannyasha. Does this not mean that despite being a Kshatriya nothing remained for Janaka to achieve?
Sunl K. Bhattacharjya
--- On Thu, 10/8/09, Bhaskar YR <bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com> wrote:
From: Bhaskar YR <bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com>
Subject: [Advaita-l] shankara in bruhadAraNyaka on 'saNyAsa'
To: advaitin at yahoogroups.com, "A discussion group for Advaita Vedanta" <advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org>
Date: Thursday, October 8, 2009, 1:14 AM
First, in geeta bhAshya (2-10), shankara says : janakAdayaH
tattvavidOpi....karmasaNyAse prAptepi karmaNA sahaiva saMsiddhiM AstithAH
na karma saMnyAsaM krutavantaH...Here shankara clearly hints that even
kshatriya-s like janaka etc. are eligible to take sarvakarma saNyAsa but
continued with their previous karma etc. And in mundaka shruti ( 1.2.12)
bhAshya on 'brAhmaNo nirvedamAyAt', shankara explicitly says that ONLY
brahmaNa-s have the special eligibility (adhikAra) to take saNyAsa :
brAhmaNasyaiva visheshatOdhikAraH sarvatyAgena brahma vidAyAM iti
brAhmaNagrahaNaM, here also one can infer that though brAhmaNa-s have
special (vishesha) adhikAra, other varNA-s (kshatriya & vysya) also can
take saNyAsa. But in bruhadAraNyaka bhAshya, at two places shankara
explicitly says ONLY brahmaNa-s have the adhikAra to take saNyAsa and
kshatriya & vysya-s donot have adhikAra to take pArivrAjya saNyAsa. Here
are those two instances :
(a) brahmaNAnAM eva adhikArO vyutthAne atO brahMaNa grahaNaM (br.up.
(b) na hi kshatriya vyshyayOH pArivrAjya pratipattirasti (concluding
remarks at br.up. bhAshya 4-5-15)
I heard that sureshwara in his vArtika says all the three varNa-s have
adhikAra to take saNyAsa.
Kindly clarify how traditional vyAkhyAnakAra-s / AchArya-s would reconcile
this seemingly contradictory statements??
Hari Hari Hari Bol!!!
PS : My paramaguruji Sri SSS too has not discussed this issue in
detail..He, in his Kannada commentary on bruhadAraNyaka, just points out
at vArtika reference & leaves it to scholars to look at at. Hence I am
making this request.
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