Sringeri and Sureshvara (was Re: [Advaita-l] On recent mails the listhas see
svidyasankar at hotmail.com
Sun Mar 4 07:59:24 CST 2007
>Dear Raghavendra and others,
> > But the
> > Sringeri maTha itself traditionally teaches Advaita
> > according to the bhAmatI-vyAkhyAna.
>According to tradition, Sri Sureshvara was the acharya of the Sringeri
>after it have been founded by Adi Shankara. However, Sureshvara is held by
>many to be the forerunner of Vivarana. Then why is Sringeri matha teaching
>according to Bhamati?
A few clarifications:
-- There are a couple of reasons for using bhAmatI when first teaching
brahmasUtra and its bhAshya. The available text of the pancapAdikA covers
only the first five sUtras of the brahmasUtra and its bhAshya, although its
name suggests that it originally covered the entire first adhyAya (four
pada-s) and the first pada of the second adhyAya. On the other hand, bhAmatI
is available for the entire sUtrabhAshya. Naturally, when teaching
brahmasUtrabhAshya to disciples, bhAmatI is an obvious choice. kalpataru and
parimalA are also used during teaching, but obviously, this means that the
teaching methods have also evolved over time. Before the 16th century,
parimalA was not even written, so its use in the course of teaching the
sUtrabhAshya is a post-appayya dIkshita development.
This does not mean that the Sringeri AcAryas consider themselves to be
strictly in the bhAmatI sub-school. In fact, there is a conscious setting
apart, in terms of householders and renouncers, because vAcaspati miSra and
appayya dIkshita were householders, whereas Sringeri is primarily a
sannyAsin center. Inasmuch as the sUtras and the bhAshya are being taught to
non-sannyAsins, the texts written by gRhastha-s seem appropriate. But as we
are talking about sampradAya here, a sannyAsi sampradAya cannot be sustained
through generations, without the interest and involvement of gRhastha-s.
Also, in terms of teaching Indian philosophy, Sringeri does not neglect even
non vedAnta schools. It is documented that the first philosophy schooling of
SrI bhAratI tIrtha, the current Sringeri AcArya, began with a vaiSeshika
text, before even taking up vedAnta. They aim for a solid grounding in all
the important darSana-s, with an encyclopedic scope.
-- That sureSvarAcArya is in some ways a forerunner of the vivaraNa
sub-school is a modern assessment. Traditional teachers do not consider him
so. For that matter, Sankara is also a forerunner of the vivaraNa
sub-school, but we cannot classify him so.
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