[Advaita-l] NOTES ON MANDUKYA UPANISHAT AND KARIKA - INTRODUCTION -1.
Siva Senani Nori
sivasenani at yahoo.com
Thu Mar 9 23:41:21 CST 2006
--- kuntimaddi sadananda <kuntimaddisada at yahoo.com> wrote:
> NOTES ON MANDUKYA UPNISHAD AND KARIKA
> We can further differentiate the inherent qualifications as two types:
> those that are necessary (swAbhAvika laxaNa) and those that are
> necessary and sufficient (swarUpa laxaNa). (In my recent discussions
> with Swami ParamArthanandaji, he mentioned that such kind of distinction
> has not been done before, but agreed that it should be done. He
> suggested to use the term swarUpa for the necessary qualification and
> the term swarUpa laxaNa for necessary and sufficient qualification.
> Here I am using swAbhAvika and swarUpa terms for each, since both may be
I understand that Sri Sadananda does not want to be drawn into a discussion and
that his terminology has the sanction of H. H. SwAmi paramArthnandajI. Yet, one
question is nagging me which I pose to the learned members of this forum.
One of the defects of laXaNa is said to be ativyApti, literally 'spreading
beyond' [the object-set to be defined]. In the case of sugar, if sweetness is
said to be the laXaNa, it suffers from ativyApti because such a definition
would allow many other substances, including Equal, to be classified as sugar.
C6H12O6 as a definition of sugar would not suffer from such a dosha. Such being
the case is there a need to introduce two more technical terms swAbhAvika and
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