Vedantic significance in Ramayana.
elmec at GIASBG01.VSNL.NET.IN
Fri Mar 31 02:53:30 CST 2000
Let us talk of Raama for a change !
I have taken the express permission of one Sri Balakrishna of Chinmaya
Mission, Bangalore, over the phone to reproduce here major portion of an
article with the above subject written by Swamy Chinmayananda which had
appeared in Mar/April 1999 issue of Vedanta Vani.
Even if some members have already read it, it is worth going over again
and ruminate its meaning as Raama Navami is fast approaching.
The article is about the hidden meanings of the different names that
appear in the story of Valmiki Raamaayana .
In Ayodhya, ( yudhdha means conflict, Ayodhya means where there is no
conflict ) to the king Dasharatha ( = one who has conquered all the ten
indriyaas ) was born the Supreme Lord, Sri Raama (= 'That One' who is
revelling in every form - ' sarve ramanti yasmin iti Raamaah ' ) as a
Raama grows up in Ayodhya (without any conflicts ) and then goes out of
Ayodhya with sage Vishwamitra to protect the
Rama gets married to Sita. Janaka is her father. Janaka found her while
ploughing the mother earth,............, most improbable place to come
out from. Ultimately, she goes back to mother earth. So here is someone
who came from no-cause and goes back to no-cause, and this is called, in
vedaanta, as ' Maaya '.
Thus Raama, the Atman, the self, gets wedded to Maaya...........Once '
Self ' gets wedded to Maaya, the Ego, ' I ' can not remain in Ayodhya.
Conflict must necessarily start. Thus he goes to jungle with Sita.
Jungle means the forest of pluralities, conflicts, in which you and I
There, as long as Sita was looking at Raama, living in Raama, for Raama,
( Ego thinking of God only ) she never knew the difference between
Ayodhya and forest. But one little moment she turned her attention
outwards and there stood the Golden deer - the delusory golden
And once we see that delusion, we do not want God, we want that delusory
thing only. Sita got stung by the desire, rejected Ram, sent him away
saying, " I want that Golden deer ". Rama goes. The deer is killed no
doubt, but it starts crying out and Sita asks Lakshmana also to go. He
It is at this time that Ten-headed monster, Ravana, comes in the guise
of a sanyasi Bhikshu. See the anti-thesis. Dasharatha, who has conquered
the ten indriyaas, is in Ayodhya, and Dashamukha is in Lanka. We are
like Ravana. Our attention is constantly turned outwards through the ten
indriyaas. Materialism enters the bosom of a seeker in a deceitful form.
Ravana, the extrovert man, with lusty living came to Sita in a deceitful
form. He comes and takes her away and Sita becomes a prisoner in Lanka.
Her fall from Ayodhya to Lanka is the fall of man from greatness of
divinity into the present condition of guilt, sorrow, agitation, worries
and suffering. Thus you and I are Sita now in Lanka.
What did she do there ? We must also go thro the same disciplin. She
refused to co-operate with materialism all around. When she says ' NO '
materialism can not touch her. She remained under Ashoka tree. Shoka is
sorrow and Ashoka is sorrowless. Though there is sorrow in all our
minds, we refuse to recognise it. There under the Ashoka tree she
contemplated on Ram with a sense of total surrender, recognising and
realising the terrible mistake that she made and remained there. When we
thus remain contemplating on Ram, every seeker will get intimation from
the Divine, Sri Ram, that ' I am coming '. Hanuman reaches her and gives
her the Symbol. Her hope increases and she is confident that Rama is
coming. She awaits the arrival of Rama.
As Sita weeps for him, Rama also expresses sentimental emotions. Valmiki
wants to communicate to us that when we cry for God, he responds. How
will he go there ? He is in jungle. The only army he can have is
monkeys'. We find so much of criticism in Western literature that
monkeys can not make an army. But here it has to be monkeys. Human minds
and thoughts are the only ally for the Lord , the Spiritual Self, for I
and you to reach that state. Monkeys and human minds have the same
qualities of ' chanchalatwa ' and ' asthiratwa ' ( lack concentration
and attention ).
These monkeys can never be the ally of the Lord as long as they are
ruled by Vali, the incorrigible lust. As long as our minds are ruled by
lust we are not ready to do Ram's work. So Vali is to be destroyed and
see who comes to the throne - Sugreeva. Greeva means the reins of
horses. Sugreeva - the total self control ! Under Sugreeva the monkeys
are available to do Ram's work and together they build the bridge - the
bridge of contemplation to reach the realm of Ravana - the realm of pure
materialism, to destroy the extrovertedness, destroy Ravana and take
Sita to Rama.
Sita, the ego, when comes face to face with Rama, the Self, the ego
disappears. Just as ' the dreamer I ' disappears before ' the waker I '
. Sita thus disappears. It is Kapila muni who tells Rama that he can not
go back to Ayodhya and bring about Rama Rajya without a queen. Hence the
Kapila muni makes a delusory Sita with whom Rama returns to Ayodhya and
rules for a short time. All men of Realisation, having realised the
Truth, always come back to the world for a short time to serve as
Saints, Prophets. We can not work in the world without an ego. But here,
it is not a true ego, but an illusory ego. When he thus rules, Luva and
Kusha are born. Similarly when a Jnani works in the world, a Bible or a
Koran , a Gita or an Upanishad will necessarily emerge out of Him.
Then he gives up the world . There is no compulsion on him to give up
because it is already an illusory one. It is not a real one. He gives up
the world and there ends the masterpiece.
Thus Raamayana, from Ayodhya to Lanka is the process of an
individualised Ego , coming into the present state of misconception that
I am a limited, individualised ego, and the return of Rama back to
Ayodhya from Lanka is the man's piligrimage fulfilled in the Realised
Self. There after they live in the world for a short time serving the
mankind and then the story ends.
Thus there is a spiritual background to the entire story fo Ramayana.
That is the reason why it is so popular. The average man is happy with
the story. To the mediocre man, the idealism that Rama stands for is a
great education. But even the man of Realisation enjoys Ramayana ,
because he sees in and through the story , the entire Vedantic Wisdom,
echoing and re-echoing as a melody Divine.
I hope you have all enjoyed reading this article. Thanks to Chinmaya
mission for giving me the permission to share with you all this Wisdom.
bhava shankara deshikame sharaNam
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