anandhudli at HOTMAIL.COM
Wed Jun 28 15:38:03 CDT 2000
On Tue, 27 Jun 2000 23:58:16 EDT, S. V. Subrahmanian
<svs_shankara at HOTMAIL.COM> wrote:
>I am trying to read Subrahmanya Bhujangam of Shri ShankarAcharya. I have
>rough translation with me. In the foreword it is mentioned that the
>Bhujanga at the end of the name of the Stotra is a reference to the meter
>which it was composed.
>Can anyone explain what a Bhujanga meter is ?
>While it is nice to read the stotra with devotion, we can also appreciate
>Shankara's poetic skills in that as well.
The BhujangaprayAta meter has four "ya" gaNas in a pAda or quarter
of each verse. A "ya" gaNas is a short syllable followed by two
long syllables in that order. The bhujangaprayAta is a samavR^itta,
which means all quarters are similar in structure.
You can see that the pattern is:
where s = short syllable and l= long syllable
Each s-l-l pattern is a "ya" gaNa.
Any syllable that is at the end of a quarter is counted as short
or long in accordance with the requirment of the meter, regardless
of whether the syllable itself is short or long.
Another example of a verse in the bhujangaprayAta is mentioned
by Apte in his dictionary. This probably comes from a poet who
is expressing his bitterness more than giving out practical advice:
dhanairnishhkulInAH kulInA bhavanti
dhanairApadaM mAnavA nistaranti |
dhanebhyaH paro bAndhavo nAsti loke
dhanAnyarjayadhvaM dhanAnyarjayadhvam.h ||
With money, those who are not from a good family, come (to be
considered from) a good family. With money people completely
overcome any calamity. There is no relative closer than money.
Earn money! Earn money!
bhava shankara deshikame sharaNam
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