Shri Rudram 1.6
anandhudli at HOTMAIL.COM
Mon Oct 5 16:39:36 CDT 1998
|| AUM namo bhagavate rudrAya ||
The Rishi of this mantra is kaNva, the devatA shambhu, and the
The dhyAna shloka of this mantra is mentioned by BhaTTa bhAskara
chandrArdhamauliM kAlAriM vyAlayaGYopavItinam.h |
jvalatpAvakasaMkAshaM dhyAyeddevaM trilochanam.h ||
One should meditate on the Three-eyed God (Shiva), who bears the
crescent moon on His head, who is the enemy of (the God of) Death,
who wears a sacred thread (yajnopavIta) made of snakes and who
resembles the blazing fire.
This Rik, 1.6 talks of the persuasive powers of speech of Rudra.
He is an expert in talking persuasively and always in favor of
His devotees. Rama was very impressed by the persuasive speech of
Hanuman who is, after all, an amsha (part) of Rudra. If Hanuman
is an expert in using the powers of speech, how can anyone possibly
exceed Rudra in the art of speech?
Shiva intercedes on behalf of His devotees whenever
other Gods act on them. A story that best illustrates this is
that of Markandeya who was destined to die at a young age.
He worshipped Shiva. When the time of his death came, Shiva Himself
appeared from within the linga and prevented Yama, the God of Death
from taking away Markandeya's life.
adhyavochadadhivaktA prathamo daivyo bhishhak.h |
ahIMshcha sarvAJNjaMbhayansarvAshcha yAtudhAnyaH ||
(Shri Rudram: Anuvaka 1, Rik 6)
adhyavochat.h - May He speak in favor
adhivaktA - He who always speaks in favor of His devotees
prathamo - the foremost among Gods
daivyo - He who is capable of protecting all Gods
bhishhak.h - the physician par excellence
ahIMshcha - the serpents, tigers, and other vicious animals
sarvAn.h - all
jaMbhayan.h - destroying
sarvAshcha - and all
yAtudhAnyaH - the evil spirits, demons, etc.
May He (Rudra) speak in (my) favor, who always speaks in favor of
His devotees, who is the foremost among Gods, who is the origin of
Gods, and who is the best of healers, while annihilating the
visible enemies of mine such as serpents, tigers, and other vicious
animals, and also the invisible enemies such as evil spirits, demons,
sAyaNAchArya bhAShyam.h (Commentary of sAyaNAchArya)
yo rudro .adhivaktA .adhiko .ayamityevaM sarveShAmagre mAM prati
vaktuM xamastenokte sati mama sarvAdhikyaM tadAnImevAstIti |
atastAdR^isho rudro .adhyavochat.h | mAM sarvAdhikaM vadatu |
kIdR^isho .adhivaktA | prathamaH | devanAM madhye mukhyaH |
daivyaH | sarvAndevAnarhati | svayaM devAnpAlayituM xama ityarthaH |
bhiShak.h | etasya dhyAnamAtreNa sarvarogopashamanAdayaM
kiM kurvan.h | ahIMshcha sarvAnsarpavyAghrAdInsarvAnapi | sarvAshcha
yAtudhAnyaH sarvA api rAxasajAtIrjaMbhayan.h vinAshayan.h ||
My excellence (or superiority) is confirmed only by the saying of
Rudra who is worthy of speaking in my favor and confirming my
eminence in the presence of everyone. May that Rudra say that I am
superior or exalted. And what is the nature of (Rudra) who speaks in
my favor? He is "prathama", the foremost among Gods. daivyaH means He
is a match for all Gods, and He is worthy of protecting all Gods. He
is The Healer, The Physician, because by merely thinking about Him,
all diseases (physical and mental) vanish. (May Rudra act thus
towards me), annihilating all (enemies of mine) such as serpents,
tigers, etc., and also all rAkShasas and other evil spirits of that
Notes based on BhaTTa bhAskara's commentary
1) The first five Riks beginning with "namaste rudra manyava ..." are
pratyaxakR^ita-mantrAH, ie. they address Rudra directly. The
mantras beginning with the current one (1.6) and the next three
mantras are paroxakR^itAH, ie. they address Rudra indirectly. The
devotee has, in the first five mantras, appealed to Rudra and His
weapons to spare the world from His wrath, to assume a benevolent
form, and to make the world filled with joy and benevolence.
2) adhyavochat.h is interpreted as adhibravItu as per the Panini
sutra "chhandasi luN^laN^liTaH." loDarthe luN^.h, the Aorist
(luN^.h) adhyavochat.h is to be understood as the Imperative
(loT.h) adhivaktu or adhibravItu. May Rudra speak in (my) favor
or intercede on (my) behalf.
3) Rudra is "sadA bhaktebhyo .adhivachanasamarthaH", always an expert
in speaking in favor of His devotees.
4) This mantra (1.6) is capable of curing all diseases, physical and
mental, and destroys evil influences of all kinds.
The R^ig Vedic Rudra sUkta declares "bhiShaktamaM tvA bhiShajAM
shR^iNomi", "I hear that You are the best of the physicians,
|| AUM namo bhagavate rudrAya ||
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