anandhudli at HOTMAIL.COM
Fri Mar 13 09:47:59 CST 1998
> Hari Om
>Namaste! Request members (interested) to briefly explain the meaning
>following statements. It will definitely help in understanding what
>trying to understand. I have that faith!
>"Abhyasa Vairaghyabhyam tannirodhaha"
>"Abhyasena tu Kaunetya Vairagyena cha gruhyate"
Your first quote comes from the Yogasuutras of Patanjali. I can't
remember the exact number of the suutra offhand, but it occurs in
the first paada, called the samaadhipaada.
Yoga is first defined by the suutra "yogashchittavR^ittinirodhaH",
Yoga is the stopping of the chitta VR^itti, ie. the activity of the
mind. It is towards this end that it is suggested that by constant
practice, abhyaasa, and detachment/dispassion, vairaagya, this
checking of the activity of the mind can be achieved.
Your second quote comes from the Giitaa as Sadananda writes.
Adding to what he wrote, I would say that Shankara, in the
commentary defines abhyaasa, practice as "chittabhuumau
kasyaaMchit.h samaanapratyayaavR^ittiH chittasya", meaning
the prevalence or continuation of a constant idea on some
plane/ground of the mind. And Shankara defines vairaagya or
dispassion as, "dR^ishhTaadR^ishhTeshhTabhogeshhu doshhadarshana-
abhyaasaat.h vaitR^ishhNyaM", by the practice of finding out the
defects (doshha's) in desirable experiences in the spheres of the
seen and the unseen (or in other words in this world as well as in
the world hereafter), one attains vaitR^ishhNyaM, lack of craving.
This freedom from craving is detachment or vairaagya.
So Shankara here gives us insight into how to achieve vairaagya or
dispassion which is spoken of by Krishna. By seeing the inherent
defects in all enjoyable experiences in the phenomenal world,
including the enjoyable experiences one might experience in heaven,
etc., one is able to give up, at least temporarily, the craving for
such experiences. But the mind is so strong that even if one gives
up craving temporarily, the mind brings back the craving in full
force sometime later. So the seeing of the defects of the enjoyable
experiences has to be practised constantly and the freedom from
craving has to be thus reinforced. This leads to permanent
freedom from craving. This is then the state of vairaagya which
Krishna is talking about.
Get Your Private, Free Email at http://www.hotmail.com
More information about the Advaita-l mailing list