anandhudli at HOTMAIL.COM
Tue Mar 10 09:08:03 CST 1998
Nanda Chandran wrote:
>This is a historical question :
>From what I see and hear, of the six astika schools of Hindu
>Vedanta reigns supreme in current India. Yoga seems to be quite a
>popular school with a considerable following of it's own. But are the
>other four schools - Samkhya, Nyaya, Vaiseshika and Purva Miimamsaa,
>Ironically with the globalisation et al, which India is currently
>undergoing, the Carvakas seem to be having the last laugh!
Among the six schools, some affinities are discernible. Usually,
Saankhya and Yoga are studied together, so are Nyaaya and
VaisheShika, and so are puurva miimaamsaa and Vedaanta.
In fact, there has been a syncretism of Nyaaya and VaisheShika a
long time ago, with Nyaaya accepting the categories of VaisheShika.
Since these six are considered to be orthodox schools in the sense
that they accept the authority of the Vedas, it is not uncommon
for one school to borrow concepts from another. Advaita Vedaanta
itself, for example, recognizes and utilizes the techniques of
Nyaaya in argumentation and debate, as well as Saankhyan concepts,
up to a point. Advaita also accepts that the nitya and naimittika
karmas of puurva miimaamsaa are meant for purification of the mind
and make it conducive for jnaana. And many advaitins, like
His Holiness Shri Abhinava Vidya Teertha, former Svaamii of Sringeri,
are adepts in Yogic practices.
So there has been some assimilation of the other five schools into
Vedaanta, although it is rare to find strict followers of those five
Regarding Chaarvaaka's, yes their number is formidable. Especially,
one finds prachchhanna chaarvaaka's (Chaarvaaka's in disguise)
who claim to be aastika's externally, but internally they are all
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